How to critique an article
What is article criticism?
To begin, students should read the article carefully and record all arguments made by the author. After that, they had to rate the quality of the argument. This includes determining whether the arguments made are valid and relevant to the topic being discussed. Students should also examine the sources used by the authors to support their arguments. If these sources are invalid or irrelevant, then the author’s argument will also be questioned. In addition, students must also assess how effective the writer is in conveying his ideas. This includes seeing whether the author has succeeded in convincing the reader that his opinion is correct or not. If yes, then criticism will give high marks to the article. But if not, then critics will give low marks to the article. In conclusion, the job of the article critic is to evaluate a piece critically and reflect on it in an objective and accurate way. By doing this, students will learn how to read and interpret sources correctly and how to make effective arguments and convince readers that their opinions are correct.
This means that the writer must analyze available data and information, consider other arguments, and draw logical conclusions. In addition, the author must also ensure that the paper is well written and easy to understand.
1. Choose a Topic: First, you have to choose a topic to criticize. This could be an article, book, movie or whatever you want to review. Make sure that the topic chosen is relevant to the theme or subject being discussed. 2. Read and Analyze: After selecting a topic, next you have to read and analyze the selected resources. This includes noting key points and identifying the author’s main claims. Also be sure to find out how this argument is supported by facts and other examples. 3. Create an Outline: After you have finished reading and analyzing the resources, you should next create an outline for your critique paper. This outline will serve as a guide as you begin to effectively write your critique paper. 4. Write the Body of the Paper: Once the outline is ready, it’s time to start writing the body of your own critique paper. Start with a short introduction to the chosen topic and why it’s important to revisit it. Then proceed with a detailed analysis of the author’s argument and how it is supported by facts or other examples. 5. Write a Conclusion: After all the main points have been made in the body of your critique paper, it is time to summarize your analysis clearly and concisely. .. Don’t forget to give suggestions on how the author’s argument can be improved or expanded if necessary. 6. Edit and Revision: Last but not least is the process of editing and revising your critique paper.
How to critique an article: The main steps
However, there are steps you can follow to help you complete this task successfully. 1. Read the article carefully. This is the first and most important step in writing an article critique. Make sure you read the article carefully and thoroughly, paying attention to every detail. 2. Identify the author’s purpose. After reading the article, try to identify the author’s purpose when writing the article. Do they want to provide information? Have an opinion? Or maybe they just want to argue about a certain topic? 3. Determine whether the arguments made by the author are valid or not. If so, explain how the argument is valid and how it contributes to the topic being discussed. If not, explain the reasons and provide other, more valid examples to support the argument. 4. Provide suggestions for improvement or additional information in the article if needed. If you feel that there are things that could be improved or additional information that should be included to make the article more comprehensive, tell the author about these things honestly and professionally. 5. Make a brief summary of your critique at the end of your piece and be sure to effectively and clearly summarize all the main points you made earlier in your critique.
1. Read the article carefully and note the key points you find. This will help you summarize and critique it more easily. 2. Make a summary of the article, focusing on the main points you noted earlier. Don’t forget to use your own words and don’t use direct quotes from the original article. 3. After making a summary, start criticizing the article by giving your opinion about the contents of the article, both positive and negative. Don’t forget to support your opinion with relevant examples or evidence.
Step 1: Read articles
What did the author say? What can you criticize? Is there any incorrect or inaccurate information? Are there weak or unreasonable arguments? Is there another way to view this topic? After answering these questions, you can draw conclusions about the article. If you agree with the author’s opinion, you can suggest how the article could be improved. If you disagree with the author’s opinion, you can criticize him and give reasons why his opinion is wrong. In addition, you can also provide other examples to support your argument.
Article writers are considered as experts in their field because they have extensive knowledge about the topic. They must also have experience and expertise in the field. A particular author’s opinion is valid if it is supported by strong evidence, and if the opinion is supported by other experts in the field. Authors of articles must include academic credit or not be taken seriously to show they are true experts in the field.
The author’s thesis is that effective communication can help increase productivity and job satisfaction. The author’s main message is that effective communication can help increase productivity and job satisfaction, but it is also important to ensure that the people around you get the correct and timely information. This message is clear.
The target audience for the article depends on the topic and purpose of the article. Articles can be directed at a general audience or specific groups of people, and the language used can be adapted to the intended audience.
The arguments presented are invalid. The author does not cite the sources, so it is unclear whether the sources used are from places that share vocabulary such as cults or not.
Logical phrasing is a thinking process that uses reason and logic to make conclusions. This usually involves analyzing available information, identifying relationships between facts, and drawing conclusions based on the evidence provided. Logical illiteracy is the inability to see or consider important information when solving problems. They can have a significant impact on the final result, especially if the information not considered is critical to problem solution.
The conclusions of the authors depend on how they analyze the available data and information. If the author has carried out the correct analysis, then the conclusion will be clear and logical.
Step 2: Gathering Evidence
1. Read the work carefully and carefully. Make sure you understand the author’s intent and purpose, as well as the theme he carries. 2. Make notes about what you read, including the important parts of the text, the main ideas, and the feelings that came out as you read it. 3. Find out the author’s background and the cultural context in which the work was written. This will help you understand better how he conveys his message. 4. Compare the work to other similar or related works to see how it is different or unique in a particular genre or topic. 5. Select some evidence to support your argument about the work, including sample text, visual imagery, or other references that are relevant to the main theme or message. 6. Write your argument clearly and logically using the evidence you have selected to support it. Don’t forget to conclude your writing by providing your personal feedback on the work and suggesting ways in which it could be further refined or improved if needed.
Answer: No, the author does not follow formal logic.
It can also mean that people who are less tall tend to ignore information that doesn’t fit their views. They also may have a tendency to blame other people or certain situations for their problems, although other factors may be more relevant.
1. Slippery Slope: This is when a person concludes that if one thing is happening, then something else must happen as well. This usually assumes that there are no stoppages or exceptions that could limit the development of the situation. 2. False Dilemma: This is when someone concludes that there are only two options, when there are other options available. 3. Hasty Generalization: This is when someone draws a conclusion based on little evidence or available information. 4. Non Sequitur: This is when the conclusions drawn are illogical or irrelevant to the premises previously presented. 5. Ad Hominem: This is when someone attacks the opponent’s argument by attacking the person himself, not the argument itself.
- Ad hominem – When the author attacks someone expressing an opinion with the aim of discrediting another person’s point of view.
- Slippery tilt – When the author claims that an action will always end up being the worst possible scenario.
- Correlation vs causation – when the writer concludes that since actions 1 and 2 occur one after the other, then action 2 must be the effect of action 1. The problem with such a statement is mostly because the writer draws a conclusion about the correlation between the correlations between the two actions without looking further inside to see real cause and effect.
- Wishful thinking – when the author believes something that is not supported by any evidence. This problem usually occurs when someone believes the information provided is true because it makes them feel good.
This is an example of a biased opinion.
No, the author does not view other people’s points of view through an inappropriate political lens. The author only uses examples to explain how bias can affect the way someone views certain topics.
1. Overgeneralization: The author concluded that everyone would benefit from something, even if only a few people actually did. 2. Goals Too High: The author ignores the fact that there is a certain limit to what can be achieved and concludes that all goals are easily achievable. 3. Lies: Authors use false or inaccurate information to support their arguments. 4. Ad Hominem Argument: The author attacks the character of a particular person or group as a way of making their argument stronger. 5. Argumentum Ad Populum: The author attempts to convince the reader by using a popular opinion or view, even though it may not be true or relevant to the topic.
This is an unreliable source. Breitbart has been notorious for distorting facts and spreading misinformation to promote certain political agendas. Therefore, it is not recommended to use Breitbart as a source of information when writing critical papers.
If you find words like that, you should consider replacing them with more neutral words. Apart from that, you should also pay attention to the language used by the article writer. Do they use language appropriate to the topic and field? Do they use precise and accurate language? Do they use a lot of jargon or technical terms? All of these are important to note when evaluating language in articles.
As an example, If someone conservatively refers to an opponent using the word “left”, this can be considered a form of attacking the messenger and not the message. A similar concept applies to a case where one progressive refers to the opposite using the word “BIF”.
It can also cause readers to feel offended or intimidated. The use of inappropriate language in an article can also reduce the credibility of the author. Authors should use polite language and be careful when making their arguments. If the writer uses profane language, it will offend the reader and may affect how they see the author’s argument.
The research method used by the author can be in the form of surveys, interviews, observation, or data analysis. You should evaluate how the method was used to achieve the research objectives and whether the results are valid and reliable.
1. What are you doing to improve the quality of your products? 2. How do you measure the performance of your product? 3. Is there a testing process carried out before the product is marketed? 4. How do you ensure that your product meets industry standards? 5. Are there routine maintenance procedures in place to ensure high product quality?
- How is the research design? Is there an error in it?
- How does the piece describe the research method?
- Was there a control group used for this study?
- Is there a sample size problem?
- Is there a statistical error?
- Is there a way to recreate the experiment in a lab environment?
- Does the research (or experiment) offer real impact and/or value in the scientific field?
Step 3: Format your paper
1. Introduction: This is the first part of your critique paper. Here, you should state the title of the article you are reviewing and provide a brief summary of its contents. Also, explain why you chose to review this article. 2. Summary: This section serves as an introduction to the reader about what is discussed in the article. Briefly describe the main topic and argument presented by the author. 3. Critique: In this section, you have to evaluate the arguments and evidence presented by the author in his article. Give your opinion on the strengths and weaknesses of their argument, and how they could improve or enhance their argument. 4. Conclusion: The last section is your conclusion about the article you have reviewed. Give your general view of whether the article is good or bad, and clearly explain why here.
- â€ introduction â€
- Author name and article title.
- The main idea of the author.
- A clear thesis that reflects the direction of your critique. â€
- Summary â€
- Main idea of the article.
- The main arguments are presented in the article.
- Conclusion of the article. â€
- Critics â€
- Highlight the strong and weak sides of the article.
- Express an educated opinion regarding the relevance, clarity and accuracy of the article. Back up your claim with a direct sample from the discount. â€
- Conclusion â€
- Summary of the main points of the article.
- Finalize your Conclusion with your comments on the relevance of the research.
- If you claim the research is relevant, state why further study in this area could be beneficial.
How to critique a journal article
1. Read the journal article carefully. Make sure you understand the gist of the article and the author’s goal. 2. Identification of the main themes and thesis proposed by the author. This will be the starting point for your critique. 3. Examine the methods used by the authors to support their thesis, including data used, analytical techniques, etc. 4. Compare the results achieved by the author with other results that have been published previously or with the expected results based on the theory or hypothesis suggested by the author. 5. Evaluate how the article contributes to a particular field of knowledge and whether there are practical implications of the findings for the general public or a particular industry. 6. Write your critique paper combining the points above and concluding your opinion of the journal article as a whole.
a. Criticized article title. b. Article author name. c. Article publication date. d. The website or media where the article was published. e. A brief description of the topic and purpose of the article being criticized.
- The title of the article reviewed.
- The title of the journal where it was published, along with the date and month of publication, the volume number, and the page where the article can be found.
- The main problem statement or problem is revealed in the work.
Objectives, research methods, approaches, hypotheses and main findings.
Therefore, the first step is to collect this information.
Next, take a look at the parts you criticized. Consider whether the arguments being made are reasonable and clear. Does the author use sufficient evidence to support his argument? Are there any unclear assumptions or contradictions? Is there important information missing? If so, write them all down. Then, see how the article relates to the general topic. Did this article help you understand the topic better? Is there another way to view the topic? How is this article different from what others have said about the topic? Write down all of these questions so you can better structure your paper. Lastly, make sure that you have read the article carefully and thoroughly. Feel free to redo some parts if needed. This will ensure that you really have a comprehensive understanding of the content before starting to write your paper.
1. What caught your attention about the article? 2. What is the author’s goal in this article? 3. What is the quality of the research and analysis used by the author? 4. Are there any inconsistent or unreasonable arguments in this article? 5. Is there any important information missing from this article? 6. How does the writer conclude the results? 7. Do you agree with the author’s conclusions or are there reasons for disagreement? 8. Are there any suggestions for further development of the findings of this study? 9. How does this article contribute to the field of knowledge concerned?
- Is the title of the article clear and appropriate?
- Is the article abstract presented in the right form, relevant to the content of the article, and specific?
- Are the goals stated in the introduction clarified?
- Are there errors in the interpretation and author facts?
- Is the discussion relevant and valuable?
- Does the author cite valid and trusted sources?
- Do you find ideas that are overemphasized or isolated in the article?
- Do you believe some part of the cut should be expanded, condensed, or removed?
- Are all the statements made by the author?
- What are the authors’ core assumptions?
- Is the author of the article being objective in his statement?
- Are the research approaches and methods used appropriate?
- Are the statistical methods appropriate?
- Is any of the content duplicated or repeated?
How to critique a research article
1. Read the article carefully. Make sure you understand the overall content and purpose of the research. 2. Identify the assumptions made by the author, and look for evidence to support or refute those assumptions. 3. Pay attention to the methods used by the authors to collect data and information, and how they analyze it. Is this method appropriate? Is there another, better way? 4. Compare the results of the study with those of other relevant studies, and consider whether or not these results make sense. 5. Consider how the article can be used to solve a problem or make an important decision in a particular area. Was this article helpful? If not, what should be done to make it more useful? 6. Give your feedback constructively about the article, including suggestions for further development if needed.
1. Determine your purpose for writing. Are you writing for a report, article, or something different? This will help you determine what kind of language and style you should use. 2. Make an outline or outline of what you want to write. This will help you stay focused on the main topic and avoid losing focus while writing. 3. Look for relevant references to support your argument or opinion. This reference can be in the form of books, articles, reports, or other sources related to the topic being discussed. 4. Make sure that the words and phrases used are precise and accurate according to the topic being discussed. 5. If necessary, make a list of key words to help you remember the important points you want to convey in your writing.
- Choose the part that fulfills your professor’s instructions.
- Read the entire article to understand the main idea.
- Re-read the piece with a critical eye.
I will listen to relaxing music. This music will help me to focus and concentrate on the task at hand. I will also try to avoid distractions like checking my phone or social media while working. This way, I can get the job done faster and with better results.
- Determine how qualified the author is on the chosen topic. What are the author’s credentials?
- Reflect on the research methods used. Was the method the author chose appropriate and useful for answering the stated research question?
- Evaluate the results. Is there any sign of generalizability of the results?
- Look for bias in the article. Is there a conflict of interest or evidence of bias?
- Defines the overall quality of research work. Does the article seem relevant or outdated?
- Pay attention to the sources used. Does the source back up their research with previous theory and/or literature related to the topic?
1. Research Questions: Are the research questions asked clear and relevant? Is there enough background to make a plausible hypothesis? 2. Method: Is the method used appropriate to answer the research question? Is there another, more effective way to achieve the desired result? 3. Results: Do the research results provide useful answers or new information about the topic? Are there other findings that are not mentioned in this article? 4. Conclusion: Are the conclusions drawn based on valid and accurate data? Is there any other reason to draw this conclusion?
Most people don’t realize that they can use technology to help them achieve their goals in life. 2. Solutions To help people who don’t know how to use technology to achieve their life goals, we will create an online training program that will provide information on how best to use technology for specific purposes. The program will contain video tutorials, articles and webinars that will help people learn how to best use technology for personal and professional gain. We will also work with technology experts to provide insight on topics such as programming, web design and more.
- Does the author make a problem statement?
- Does the problem statement match the focus of the research?
- Is the problem researched?
- Does the author provide background information about the problem?
- Does the author address the significance of the problem?
- Did the author mention the variables and their correlations?
- Is the author qualified enough to undertake this particular study?
Relevant literature review regarding the effect of information technology on organizational performance has been widely studied. One interesting study is research by Al-Gahtani (2009), which shows that information technology has a significant positive impact on organizational performance. This study also found that there is a positive relationship between the level of information technology usage and the level of productivity, efficiency, and job satisfaction. In addition, another study by Al-Hazmi (2012) found that information technology has a significant positive impact on organizational performance. This study also concludes that there is a positive relationship between the level of information technology usage and the level of productivity, efficiency, and job satisfaction. Both of these studies provide empirical evidence about the benefits derived from using information technology to improve organizational performance.
- What is a comprehensive review of the literature?
- Are all references properly cited?
- Are most of the sources used by the primary author?
- Does the author analyze, criticize, compare, and contrast the references and findings contained therein?
- Does the author explain the relevance of his references?
- Was the literature review well organized?
- Does the review competently inform the reader of the topic and problem?
Nula hypothesis (Ho): There is no significant difference between the number of visitors who use the application and those who do not use the application. Alternative hypothesis (Ha): There is a significant difference between the number of visitors who use the application and those who do not use the application.
- Did the author determine the main research questions and hypothesis ?
- Has every hypothesis been tested?
- Are all hypotheses and research questions clear, logical, and accurate?
those who are entitled to take part in this program are SMA/SMK/MA students throughout Indonesia. 2. Participants must have a minimum age of 16 years and a maximum of 18 years at the time of registration. 3. Participants must have an average report card score of at least 8.0 (eight point zero). 4. Participants must complete the registration form provided by the committee correctly and completely. 5. Participants must submit other supporting documents such as photocopies of report cards, photocopies of parent/guardian ID cards, and letters of recommendation from schools of origin to the committee.
- Did the author describe the size and main characteristics of the group of participants?
- If a sample is selected, does the author determine its size and characteristics?
- Is there sufficient information about the sample selection method used by the authors?
- Are there any limitations or biases with the way the authors select participants?
The instrument used in this research is a questionnaire. The questionnaire consists of several questions related to the research topic and will be used to collect data about the research subject.
- Does the author specify the instrument used?
- Is the selected instrument appropriate?
- Does the instrument meet General Guidelines for Protecting Experimental Participants?
- Did the author get all the permissions needed?
- Did the authors describe each instrument in terms of reliability, purpose, validity and content?
- If there were instruments developed specifically for this study, did the authors describe the procedures involved in their development and validation?
3.1 Design To identify the factors that influence customer satisfaction, researchers will use a quantitative design with a survey approach. This survey will be conducted online and use a questionnaire to obtain data from respondents. The questionnaire consists of questions related to factors that affect customer satisfaction, such as product quality, customer service, price, and others. Respondents will be asked to give a score to each question based on their level of satisfaction. 3.2 Procedure 1. Determine the sample population and the sampling method that will be used to collect data from respondents. 2. Create a questionnaire that contains questions about the factors that influence customer satisfaction. 3. Sending questionnaires to respondents via email or social media and asking them to fill out the questionnaire online. 4. Collect data from respondents and analyze it to determine the factors that influence customer satisfaction. 5. Summarize the research results and provide recommendations based on the results of the data analysis.
- Was any information provided in terms of the research design used?
- Does the author describe all their procedures?
- Are the specified design and procedures appropriate for investigating the stated problem or question?
- Are the procedures logically related?
- Are the instruments and procedures properly implemented?
- Is the research context described in detail?
- Does the author provide appropriate descriptive statistics?
- Did the author test all of his hypotheses?
- Does the author make explicit the inductive logic used to generate the results in their qualitative study?
- Are the results clear and logical?
- Does the author provide additional tables and figures? Are they easy to understand, relevant and well organized?
- Is the information from the tables and figures presented provided in the text as well?
Discussion, Conclusion, or Suggestion
- Does the author discuss any findings with respect to the subject or original hypotheses related to it?
- Does the author discuss any findings with respect to agreement or disagreement with previous findings obtained by other specialists?
- Are the generalizations consistent with the results?
- Did the authors address the possible effects of uncontrolled variables in the findings?
- Did the authors discuss the theoretical and practical implications of their findings?
- Does the author make any suggestions about future research?
- Did the authors shape their suggestions based on the practical significance of the study?
Abstract or summary.
- Did the author restate the problem?
- Was the design used in the research identified?
- Does the author describe the type and number of instruments, and subject matter?
- Are all the procedures performed prescribed?
- Did the authors restate all of their conclusions and main findings?
- Article structure – was the work organized properly? Are all headings, sections, subsections, and paragraphs logically organized?
- Author’s style and thinking – is the author’s style and thinking easy to understand, clear, and logical?
1. Identification and description of the problem: Describe the problem under study, including background, research objectives, and hypotheses. 2. Research methods: Describe the methods used to collect data, including the study design, sample population, data collection instruments, and data analysis procedures. 3. Results: Describe the main results of this study and how they affect children’s competence in primary schools. 4. Critique: Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this article using the evidence gathered from the pieces. Comment on how the results might have differed if the research methods or design had been different. 5. Conclusion: Summarize the main findings of this article and how they contribute to the current literature on the effects of early education on children’s competence in primary school.
Title : The Catcher in the Rye Author : J.D. Salinger Publisher : Little, Brown and Company Year of Publication : 1951
- Authors: M. B. Bronson, D. E. Pierson & T. Tivnan
- Title: Effects of early education on children’s competence in primary schools
- Year of Publication: 1984
- Source: Evaluation Reviews, 8(5), 143-155
This article looks at how technology has changed since 2000. Technology has seen many developments in terms of communication, social media, and online learning. Communication has gone from using the phone and mail to easier with the use of apps like Skype, WhatsApp and more. Social media has come a long way with platforms like Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube allowing people to share information online. Online learning has also increased with many universities offering distance learning programs. Technology has made the world more connected and provided new opportunities for people to learn and communicate anywhere.
- Problem Statement: Does the early childhood education program have a long-term and long-term impact on the competence of children in primary schools?
- Background: To perform well in elementary school, children need to have various competencies.
- Hypothesis: Early childhood education programs reduce the rate of children falling below the defined minimal competencies as necessary for effective performance in second grade.
- Dependent variables: mastery skills, social skills, and use of time; Independent Variables: Brookline Early Education Program; Controlled variable: Mother’s education level.
- Study Design: Quasi-Experimental Design, with a post-test only comparison group design, without selection of children, assignment to treatment, or control group.
- Sampling: This study enrolled 169 students into the BEEP program. Students were randomly selected from the same second grade room and matched by gender. Also, the group was divided into children who continued their Beep program (104) and those who moved elsewhere but were still being tracked (65).
- Instrumentation: For research, the authors used a specially developed tool – Executive Skills Profile – to help detect and track student skill, social, and time usage.
- Collections/Ethics: Observations take place in the spring, during the student’s second year. On different days (other than three and six weeks) the observer recorded the behavior of all children for six minutes and 10 minutes. The duration and frequency of the behavior were also recorded.
- Data analysis: The researchers conducted a series of tests to check for any significant changes in mastery, social, and time-use skills between matched pairs of children (those who engaged in beeping and those who moved elsewhere).
- Author findings: This study shows that children enrolled in the BEEP program performed better on tests and demonstrated better mastery and social skills. There was no significant change in students’ time-use skills. Early education programs make a difference at all three levels of care for students whose mothers have a college education. However, the same program makes a difference only at the most intense level for students whose mothers do not have a college education.
Criticism is a critical evaluation of something made, done, or said. Criticism can be in the form of praise or negative comments. Criticism can help others to improve the quality of their work and become better. However, if not done properly, criticism can lead to problems and dissatisfaction. Therefore, it is important to provide criticism in a timely manner and in the right way so that the expected goals are achieved.
- Possible threats to internal validity
- History: uncontrolled because comparison children may not have spent their entire lives in the same area as treatment students.
- Ripening: controlled. Students are matched by gender and class.
- Testing: Observers record student behavior over a period of 3 to 6 weeks. This fact may have influenced their behavior.
- Instrumentation: The tools used may be subject to bias from an observer’s perspective.
- Choice Bias: All selected students voluntarily participated in the study. Thus, the findings could be influenced by self-selection.
- Experimental deaths: Students who left the area are still being tracked as part of the treatment group, even though they should be evaluated separately.
- Contamination design: It is possible that children in the comparison group learned skills from students in the treatment group because they all came from the same class.
- Possible threats to external validity
- Unique features of the program: The program is available to both community residents and non-residents.
- Experimental setting: Brooklin is an affluent community, unlike many.
From the analysis above, it can be concluded that the increase in population in big cities has caused serious environmental problems. These problems include air, water, and soil pollution; noise; and decreased quality of life. The government should take urgent action to address this problem by introducing programs designed to reduce the environmental impact of increasing population.
- Was the reviewed article useful?
- Does it make sense?
- Do the research findings look convincing? Explain.
- Does the research have practical significance and/or value for the respective field of science?
Video Guide: How to write an article critique
Example Critique Article.
Criticism of Journal Article: “The Influence of Government Policy on Economic Development in Indonesia” by Dr. John SmithDr. John Smith has written a journal article entitled “The Influence of Government Policies on Economic Development in Indonesia”. This article examines how government policies have influenced Indonesia’s economic development, focusing primarily on three important aspects: investment, infrastructure, and job skills. This article provides accurate and helpful information on the topic, but there are some drawbacks to note. First, this article does not provide sufficient space for discussion of the social impact of government policies on economic development in Indonesia. Although Dr. Smith mentioned that while government policies had had both positive and negative impacts on local communities, he did not provide concrete examples or further analysis on this topic. This is a missed opportunity to discuss how certain policies have affected local communities directly or indirectly. Second, this article also does not provide sufficient space for discussion of environmental problems arising from the implementation of certain policies by the Indonesian government. Although Dr. While Smith cited many economic benefits from implementing certain policies, he failed to elaborate on the environmental impacts of their implementation in detail. This is another missed opportunity to discuss how the implementation of certain policies has affected the environment directly or indirectly. Overall, this article is a valuable contribution to the general knowledge of the topic and provides accurate and useful information about how government policies have affected economic development in Indonesia. However, there is room for further discussion on the social and environmental impacts of the implementation of certain policies by the Indonesian government that have not been highlighted by Dr. Smith in this article.