How to write precis in 6 steps
Precis is a type of essay that uses summary techniques to simplify and condense the original text. Its main purpose is to help readers understand the contents of the original text more quickly and easily. The precis usually contains words, phrases, or sentences taken from the original text, but there is no need to use many words. It must be arranged systematically and logically so that the reader can understand its meaning easily. To start writing precis, you should read the original text carefully and see which parts are important to remember. After that, you have to rewrite it in a shorter and more effective way. Don’t forget to include important information such as the author’s name, book or article title, place of publication, and date of publication if necessary. Also, make sure that you don’t forget any important information when you rewrite it. After you have finished rewriting it, be sure to check it carefully to make sure that all the information you wrote down was accurate and relevant to the original text. If there are errors or discrepancies between what you write and what is contained in the original text, then you must correct it immediately so as not to harm the reader. With that said, here’s a simple how-to on how to write precis: first read the original text carefully; then rewrite the information briefly and effectively; then check the results to ensure that all the information is accurate; and finally make sure that all the information is relevant to the original text. By carrying out these steps in a timely and careful manner, you will get good precise results!
The definition of precis and its purpose
What kind of paper can contain precis?
Precise incorporates the main ideas from the original cut and keeps them in a more concise form. The purpose of precise is to provide an overview of the contents of the original piece without disclosing details or details.
Precise is a summary form that presents the important information from the original without adding your personal opinion. The precision should be a brief report containing important and key information from the original passage, but requiring no interpretation or analysis.
1. Focus on the point: Precis should highlight the main points of the original text and omit unnecessary information. 2. Use clear language: Precis should use clear and easy-to-understand language, without jargon or technical terms. 3. Don’t overdo it: Precise writing should be short and concise, with only a few words to illustrate the main idea. 4. Use active sentences: Precis writing should use active sentences to make it more effective and easy to understand. 5. Avoid using the first or third person: Precis writing should avoid using the first or third person to ensure that it remains objective and neutral.
- Precis is a shortened summary, but not a paraphrased copy of the original snippet.
- Text must be precise and clear.
- Precis should be written in your own words, but it is permitted to use some quotations from the original cut (though not too many, only those that carry real value).
- It should not reflect your personal opinion.
- It should immediately convey the most important information and eliminate secondary ideas.
- Key points should be covered as comprehensively as possible.
- Information in precision must be conveyed in a logical order, with clear connections between all parts of the text.
- It should not contain details from other sources.
- Precis should not include irrelevant or secondary details.
- Precis is always written in the third person, so first person pronouns are inappropriate here.
This means that you must identify how the author has used techniques such as metaphors, analogies, and other rhetoric to convey their ideas.
1. First, state your goal clearly and briefly. 2. Second, describe situations or conditions that make your goals difficult to achieve. 3. Third, show how you managed to get through these obstacles and achieve your goal. 4. Finally, conclude in a way that proves that your business has been successful and beneficial to others.
- Bibliographical information from the original piece, such as title, author’s name, date, and other relevant data.
- An explanation of how the work’s author has developed and supported its core ideas.
- Author’s statement of purpose.
- Delivery: How the writer captures the reader’s attention. Who is the target audience. How he serves those ideas to the reader.
In “The Art of Rhetoric,” Aristotle states that rhetoric is the art of using words to influence others. According to him, rhetoric involves the use of three tools: ethos, pathos, and logos. Ethos is how one builds trust with listeners; pathos is one’s way of connecting with the listener’s emotions; and logos is one’s way of using reason to convince listeners. “All three must be combined in an effective presentation,” said Aristotle, “to provide true and continuous thought.” Thus, rhetoric is the art of combining ethics, pathos, and logic to influence others.
Examples of Precis Rhetorical: Barry, Dave. “The ugly truth about beauty.” Mirror On America: Short essays and pictures from popular culture. 2nd ed. EDS. Joan T. Mims and Elizabeth M. Nollen. NY: Bedford, 2003. 109-12.
Dave Barry, in his “ugly truth about beauty” (1998), claims that “…women generally don’t think about their appearance in the same way” (4). Barry illuminates this discrepancy by juxtaposing men’s perceptions of their appearance (“looking average”) to women’s (“not good enough”) by comparing female role models (Barbie, Cindy Crawford) to male role models (He-Man, Buzzoff). And by comparing men’s interests (Super Bowl, Lawn Care) to women’s (manicure). She exaggerates and stereotypes these differences to prevent women from so eagerly accepting society’s expectations of them; In fact, Barry claims that men who want women to “look like Cindy Crawford” are “idiots” (10). Barry ostensibly answers the men in this essay as he opens and closes the essay by directly addressing the men (as in “If you were a man…”) and offering to give them advice in a derisively conspiratorial way; However, by using humor to ridicule men’s and women’s perceptions of themselves, Barry makes this essay relatable to gender and hopes to convince women to stop obsessively “thinking they need to look like Barbie” (8).
Why are students assigned to write precis?
Second, academic assignments help students develop research skills. This includes the ability to find relevant information, analyze data, and use the right resources. Third, academic assignments also help students understand the material better. By doing research and writing about a particular topic, they can learn more about the subject and gain a deeper understanding.
1. Readability: Writing should be easy to read and understand. 2. Accuracy: Ensure that the information you provide is accurate and correct. 3. Consistency: Make your writing consistent by using the same style of language throughout the paper. 4. Focus: Explain the main topic clearly and focus on the important points only. 5. Efficiency: Use the right words to convey your idea efficiently without missing the point.
- Title only: Précis of [Author Name] “[Work / Article Name]”
- Font Size: 12 points
- Distance: Double
- Margins: At least 1 inch from all sides
- Name and appointment: Place them at the end of your presnis
- Tone: Stick to the author’s voice in the original
- Direct quote: Put the quotation in quotation marks, enclose the page number in brackets after the quotation
- Order and Organization: Stick to the order of the original articles
How to write precis in 6 steps
1. Understand the topic you are going to write about. Read and learn as much as you can about the topic, including relevant information and context. 2. Make a list of the main points you want to make in your precis. Be sure to include every important detail and focus on the most relevant information. 3. Write the gist of your precis clearly and concisely, using only essential words to explain the main points you’ve made earlier. Don’t use long sentences or lots of technical jargon. 4. Double-check your precision to make sure that all important information is included and that your writing is easy for others to understand. 5. If needed, add some examples or illustrations to help readers understand the contents of your precis better.
Step 2: Read the article, work, or story in its entirety. Be sure to read carefully and note down the important points you find along the way. This will help you write better precis. Step 3: Outline the article, work, or story. This is an important step in writing your precis because it will give you a general idea of what you need to say in your precis. Step 4: Write down the gist of the article, work or story. This is the most important part of the precision writing process because it is what will be your main piece of writing. Make sure to only include important information and don’t beat around the bush when writing it. Step 5: Edit and improve your writing if needed. Don’t forget to check spelling and grammar before submitting your work to other readers.
If you come across a passage that isn’t clear, try to read it again and figure out what it means. If it’s still unclear, look for additional information online or ask someone with more experience.
Note the main points you find in the text. This will help you remember the core idea and make it easier to rewrite it.
Step 5: Write your PRESNISH Once you have a clear outline, you can start writing your PRESNISH. Begin by writing an opening sentence that describes the topic and purpose of the presentation. Then, write down the main points you will cover and how they relate to each other. Finally, make a clear conclusion to close your presentation.
This precision highlights how technology has impacted the way we interact with the world. Technology has enabled faster and easier communication, and created new opportunities for learning and collaboration. However, technology can also create problems such as addiction and privacy. Therefore, it is important to use technology wisely so that the benefits can be enjoyed without negative impacts.
I. Title: _________________________________________________ II. Purpose: _________________________________________________ III. Content: A. First Paragraph: ___________________________________________ B. Second Paragraph: ____________________________________________ C. Third Paragraph: ____________________________________________ D. Fourth Paragraph: ___________________________________________ E. Fifth Paragraph: ____________________________________________ F. Conclusion: ________________________________________
- Name of the author of the original part, [a few words describing the author (optional)], article title and genre, date of publication in brackets (if you need to include additional publishing information, put it in brackets); rhetorically accurate verbs such as “claim,” “suggest,” “opinion,” “assert,” or others; It – followed by the author’s thesis statement.
Example: Antoine Gara, Forbes expert on banking and insurance, in the article Forbes Investigations: Inside the secretive banks behind the fintech boom (17 Dec 2019), suggests that a tiny-insured FDIC bank – can provide a more accurate glimpse into the future of banking than Manhattan’s financial district and Silicon Valley.
- A brief and clear explanation of how the author developed and supports his ideas throughout the section, usually in chronological order.
- The author’s statement of purpose, usually followed by “to” and a brief explanation of what he or she hopes to achieve/what message the work conveys.
- A brief description of the author’s tone, style, target audience, etc.
You should also use short, concise sentences to describe the contents of the original text. You must ensure that the information conveyed is important and relevant to the main theme. You should also avoid using unnecessary words, such as words that are repeated or words that are not important. In addition, you should also ensure that your precision reflects the essence of the original text and provides an overview of its content.
Example: Dave Barry in his “The Ugly Truth about Beauty” (1998), claims that …
Example : She exaggerates and stereotypes these differences to prevent women from so eagerly accepting society’s expectations of them; In fact, Barry claims that men who want women to “look like Cindy Crawford” are “idiots” (10).
“When we talk about technological progress, we must recognize that there is much we can do to make the world a better place,” said John Smith, author of the article “Technology and Social Change,” in The New York Times (2020).
Example: Barry, Dave. “The ugly truth about beauty.” Mirror On America: Short essays and pictures from popular culture. 2nd ed. EDS. Joan T. Mims and Elizabeth M. Nollen. NY: Bedford, 2003. 109-12.
Things to remember
Writing precis can be challenging, but with detailed guidance and the ability to understand the core ideas of the original piece, this task can be easily accomplished. Great care and rigor as well as solid writing skills are required to complete this assignment.
1. Understand the purpose and theme of the original text. 2. Make an outline of the original text, including the main points and key ideas. 3. Write precis using short and clear language, and avoid using unnecessary words. 4. Use active voice to convey information effectively. 5. Don’t forget to make a precise title that is descriptive and relevant to the contents of the original text.
- Precis is a brief summary of an article or other work, but not paraphrased copy or critical analysis.
- It should be compact (about the volume of the original).
- It should only focus on the main ideas, arguments, facts and details.
- The precis should include basic information about the original, such as title, author, and date.
- Precis does not contain students’ personal opinions.
- It should be easy to read, clear and well structured.
- There should be no other details or information from other sources.
- Precis is written in the third person.