How to write a conclusion for a research paper

Concluding a research paper is akin to putting the final brushstroke on a masterpiece; it’s the last chance to leave a lasting impression. As you navigate the concluding paragraphs of your research paper, you step into the spotlight, summarizing the key findings, reinforcing the significance of your work, and perhaps even offering a glimpse into future research avenues. In this exploration of ‘How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper,’ we unravel the art and science of crafting a conclusion that resonates, leaving your readers with a sense of closure and a lingering appreciation for your scholarly endeavor.

What’s a conclusion?

The conclusion should highlight the main points of your paper and show how your research results impact the area of ​​study. Also, don’t add new information or evidence that you haven’t presented before. The conclusion should be a summary of the main arguments and evidence you have provided. In order to reach the right conclusion, you have to do a few things. First, make sure to understand the problem or issue being discussed. Second, do in-depth research and analysis of the problem. Third, make a hypothesis and do a test to validate the hypothesis. Fourth, based on the results of your testing and analysis, make conclusions that are in accordance with the existing data.
  1. If the argument is too complex, summarize it again to the reader.
  2. If you haven’t talked about the significance of your results yet, here’s an opportunity to do so.
  3. Quickly progress from a detailed to a more general overview of your topic.
  4. Don’t include new context or lots of new ideas that could be previously discussed in more detail.
  5. Persuasively and concisely restate your research problem or topic. You can even include your own reflections on the evidence presented in your work – be introspective.


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General rules for the conclusion of a research paper

A good conclusion will highlight key points from your research and confirm or disprove initial hypotheses. It will also make new contributions to the field of research, paving the way for further research.
  • The conclusion must be written in clear and simple language. Don’t overcomplicate it.
  • Don’t repeat your results without going into a deeper discussion about them.
  • Flaunt opportunities for further research.


A concluding outline is a summary that highlights the main points of an essay, report or presentation. It should include the main ideas and key findings presented in the piece, as well as provide a brief description of how these relate to one another. The conclusion outline should also include recommendations or follow-up that are relevant to the problem at hand.
  • thesis statement. This is a short statement that helps describe what his job is in a few sentences. A good thesis should be impersonal, definitive, clear and debatable.
  • Argument summary. After the thesis you must write a summary of the arguments or data you have collected.
  • Observations and final sentences. Finish with your own observations and include a final sentence to convey the importance of your work.

How to develop an interesting conclusion

1. Read carefully and make sure you understand the concepts discussed. This will help you identify the main thoughts and structure the information correctly. 2. Take notes as you read to remember important information and ideas related to the topic. This will also help you avoid missing important details when summarizing your work. 3. Use charts or graphs to illustrate the relationship between main ideas and other subtopics. This will help you see the big picture of the material being studied, making it easier to summarize it properly. 4. Don’t hesitate to ask your teacher or classmates if there are certain parts of the work you don’t understand or have questions about. This will ensure that you are provided with precise and accurate information when summarizing the main thoughts of your work. 5. Be sure to practice summarizing effectively so you can do it quickly and on time for the exam!

If you’ve written about a contemporary issue, talk about what could happen if the problem isn’t resolved, but don’t add new information. Do not bring new evidence or new facts.

Feel free to offer or recommend some actions.

Use relevant quotes or expert opinions to make your conclusions more authoritative.

Repeat key statistics, facts, or even visual images that represent the main points of your paper.

Express personal reflections. You can even talk about your own life experiences.

Interpret the results in your own way to give them a new perspective. Don’t be afraid to be a researcher introducing something new – even to the most common problems.

Don’t say “Conclusion” or similar remarks. This includes “in summary” or “in closing.” Why? This remark sounded a bit unnatural and stiff. They make your work seem too formal and pragmatic. A strong conclusion does not need a word – “in conclusion”. It will stand alone.

Go through your paper to make sure that you haven’t left out any really important points.

Make effective conclusions logically

You have to present hard facts in an interesting and easy to understand way. Use examples, graphs or data to help explain your conclusions. Also, make sure to use language that is clear and easy to understand. This will help others understand your conclusion better. 1. Learn to manage time: Managing time is one of the best ways to increase productivity and efficiency. This allows you to complete tasks more quickly and on time. 2. Critical thinking: Critical thinking is a very important ability to solve problems and make sound decisions. It can also help you avoid mistakes and make wise decisions. 3. Networking: Networking is another way to learn, grow, and succeed in life. This network can give you access to new resources, information and opportunities that are not possible on your own. 4. Be flexible: Flexibility is the key to success in the fast-changing modern world. This allows you to adjust to new situations or sudden changes without undue stress or tension. 5. Learn how to manage stress: Managing stress is one of the best ways to stay productive and focused on your goals without feeling tense or tired all the time. It will also help you stay calm in difficult situations or high pressure.

  • Give readers a graphic illustration of the consequences of laziness. Remember, most don’t care until they see how it relates to their life. Take a look at the blog introduction for an example.

  • Recommend solutions or actions. This may have been the goal of your research paper so far.

  • Refer back to the relevant scientist, expert or great thinker. If Einstein said it, most people would likely believe you too.

  • Shows urgency. Do we really need oceans to flood New York City’s financial hub to believe in climate change?

  • Shows important statistics that speak facts. Statistics can be interesting. However, as mentioned in point one, no one cares until they see how it relates to them

  • Reflect on yourself and personal experiences. It may be subjective, but this way you connect to your audience on a human level. Illustrate your conclusion with a situation from your life.

  • Reuse hooks from the introduction, but clearly demonstrate all this new knowledge. Remember that anecdote everyone laughed at in the introduction? Well now they know the truth, and it’s not funny anymore. In fact, it’s a little scary.

  • Give readers a new hook They can take it home and think about it.

  • If your research doesn’t answer a question or provide a solution – say so! Hopefully, someone in the audience will pick up where you left off.

What should you avoid in a conclusion for your research paper

We hope that you will follow the prohibitions and make the right choice.

Lack of consequence. Some students may go on and on with the work they have written, which is usually unnecessary and annoying. Try to be concise and to the point as possible. In conclusion not the right place for small details. Talk about implications, evaluations, insights, but don’t talk about some small points that can easily be omitted. These bullet points include steps you might take when writing your research, additional topics that stem from the main topic, unnecessary details that can be compressed into a few short sentences instead of paragraphs, and so on.

Lack of commentary on bigger, more significant issues. The introduction usually changes from general to specific. In comparison, the conclusion usually changes from the special back to the general. So this is where you need to research the larger context.

The absence of negative aspects of your research process will make your paper look less simple. So if you have specific problems, weaknesses, and challenges, it will help the paper appear more relatable, personal, and in-depth – which is often the key to successful research.

There is no clear summary of what was learned. Talk about your own experience and what knowledge you have accumulated along the way. It can be just a few sentences long, but it’s still very important.

Inability to match your research goals. You need to address how your initial goals in your Introduction have been achieved throughout the work. Make a nice structural loop to show how the introduction and conclusion are intertwined.

Inability to keep your work together. You need to tie all the pieces of your academic work together so the professor can see the full picture. You can even use the same images and concepts in your introduction and conclusion to tie things together.

Bad logic. In some papers, there may be different, or even opposite, points. The conclusion is the perfect place to form a single and clear opinion on the matter. If your paper contains certain questions that are not clearly answered in the paper, they should be answered in conclusion. You can even ask readers to draw their own conclusions. The best way to do this is to ask readers questions instead of always giving them answers. However, this approach may not work across all disciplines, but it may be quite effective if you are writing a research paper on some social or political issue.

No personal recommendations. If you are making a call to action, you need to explain which actions you think are most important or effective. This will help to better understand the topic and general context of your research.