The Bluebook can be an American group of legal citation guidelines and rules regarding referencing official documents. Both law students and professionals use it in court proceedings, police reports, and official government documents. Additionally , this technique applies to the citation of news coverage regarding governmental occurrences. Have a look at this guide from professional essay writing service EssayPro to learn exactly about Bluebook citation, and it’s usage.

What Is a Bluebook?

The Bluebook citation format is really a source system which involves a couple of rules for referencing among law students and those used. In other words, it’s the legal way to reference scholars of law. The citation format, itself, was made and arranged by law professors at Harvard, Yale, and the College of Pennsylvania.

It has something called blue pages which behave as rules and a thesis regarding the references made by solicitors and law to students. Both the Bluebook online and soft-copies illustrate numerous recommendations regarding the rules of referencing while producing legal writing. The first nine pages being general rules, the second ten pages speak about the required materials as the final two pages state the principles for citing international law papers and elements.

There clearly was so much more to the Bluebook. Check it out on our video guide:

Where Is the Bluebook Used?

This set of recommendations applies to law students, professional judges, solicitors, law enforcement agencies, and politicians. Bluebook is employed to cite passages within legal writing; including sources made by officials, judges, solicitors, authorities, and news coverage of applied governmental situations. In academy dissertations and documents created by professionals. Thus, it is essential to master to write under Bluebook legal citation.

A selected couple of law students manages the independently-run Harvard Law Review organization whose agenda would be to produce and publish their journal. Each segment of the journal contains citations beneath the Bluebook journal abbreviations. These journals include various block quotations from multiple authors and legal cases.

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What Elements Make Up the Legal BlueBook?

Front Cover:

  • Footnotes regarding peer reviews and legalization.

Table of Contents:

  • Blue-pages: These pages illustrate the nonacademic protocol for citing legal documents.
  • White Pages: The contrary by illustrating the academic protocol for citing legal documents.
  • Tables which include general information about the Bluebook.


  • Specifies the guidelines and introduces citing legal documents for writers and law professionals.
  • Mentions the complicated questions concerning the correct way for legal citations.

Guidelines 1-9:

  • Specifies the current regulations and options for citing legal documents.

Guidelines 10-19:

  • Specifies the directions that get a handle on the way legal documents and materials from foreign countries

Guidelines 20-21:

  • Specifies the general directives of citing information regarding the law of the other territories.

Lists T1 - T16:

  • Includes all of the general guidelines which are to concerning orders 1-21.
  • Provides advice regarding legal citation and ground guidelines regarding the authorities.
  • Includes a list of Bluebook abbreviations.


  • Allows writers to discover through different citation rules quickly.

Back of the Bluebook:

  • Includes brief directions to writing with citations concerning court proceedings & historic legal documents in the nonacademic format of referencing.

Back Cover:

  • Offers a list which includes the contents of the book.

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Understanding Bibliography

In line with the Bluebook format, the bibliography should incorporate citations at the conclusion of an item of writing. In terms of the list, students and professionals have to cover every citation that they have produced from A-Z. It is crucial not to add page numbers; and the line which follows the very first should be indented. As an option, the writer’s name may be written in a slightly bigger font.

Bibliography Example: Full-Name - Elton, Gill. (Surname & First Name)

Understanding Footnotes

With regards to academic papers within the field of Law, footnotes should be contained in succession to the information, rather than prior. Be sure you include the full names of every writer within their normal order. It is also necessary to include your footnotes in numerical order while being indented. Remember, footnotes ought to be included on the bottom of the page. As the writer, you are permitted to use semicolons for multiple legal citations within a footnote.

Footnote Example: Footnotes, 1 . Full-Name - Gill Elton. (In Normal Order)

Bluebook Citation Examples

Remember that there are multiple variations in terms of making a legal reference. It is crucial to learn just how to use different methods by referring to Bluebook citation examples. Learning most of the differences is very important before writing a law-based paper. For instance , court proceedings (Party 1 Vs . Party 2), and tabloids (Writer and Heading) are completely separate.

Court Proceedings

Court proceedings always conclude with legal documents based on the judge’s orders while the final result. Courts also produce transcripts of everything which occurred throughout the case, along with written letters and evidence analysis documents. According to Bluebook law, there exists a specific method to reference materials of this type. It is also important to include brief information in the footnotes, which goes as follows:

Example: Defendant/Organzation| V. | Defendant/Organization | Correspondent Folio | (Occurrence Year)
Their state of Texas v. Ray Maxwell, 452 D. BVV. 3d 231 (J. Vast. 2018)
Footnote: Correspondent Folio | Occurrence Year
452 D. BVW, 3d 231 (J. Vast. 2018)

Books Produced by One or Multiple Writers

Books which are produced by one writer are cited slightly different weighed against those by two or more writers. The main huge difference being both names stated at the beginning of the footnote. This method pertains to the works of an individual writer. After that, there are no other differences in the Bluebook book citation method.

Take into account that it is vital to are the topic of the publication. The version follows it, then the year. This rule applies to those that reference one or multiple scholars.

Example: Writer, | Heading, | (Version and Year)
Theresa May, Brexit, (1 ed. The Houses of Parliament, 2019)
Example: Writer 1 and Writer 2, | Heading | (Version and Year)
Theresa May and Donald Trump, The Relations Between the UK and US, (Ed five, 2018)

Tabloids (Printed and Online)

Journalism plays a substantial role in informing of legal processes. Whether it’s citing printed or on line newspapers, it is vital to include the writer’s name, the topic of this article, the name of the paper, and the year of publication. It really is followed by the foliate number or a URL address, based on if the tabloid is in a printed or online form.

Example: Writer, | Heading, | Company, | (publication year), | foliate number/webpage-address

Printed News Reports:

Example: Casey Jones, The Extradition of Julian Assange, The Daily Express, 2019, Page 21-23

Online News Reports:

Example: Anita Balakrishnan, Lawyer Wins Appeal in Lawsuit with Paralegal, The Law Times, 2019,

Legal Scholarly Texts

In terms of citing legal passages from scholars and lawmakers, students are required to state the name of the writer, article heading, volume number, the title of the journal, the title of the very first page, and the year of publication. It applies to statements made in official government documents and the works from scholars of law, which will be worth researching when writing a Bluebook citation law review article.

Example: Writer, | Heading, | Volume, | Title of Journal, | Title of the Starting Foliot, | (Publication Year)
James McPhillioton, The Death Penalty, #45, The Constitutional Way of Capital Punishment, 2017

Bluebook Website Citation

Writing using a Bluebook website citation is permitted among those studying or practicing law. There's a unique method that switches into writing the bibliography because of this form of Bluebook citation. Writers are likely to write this issue, webpage, date of publication, URL address, and enough time of the prior visit.

Example: Heading, | Webpage, | Date of Publication, | URL Address, | Date of Previous Visit Tuesday Round-Up, Scotus Blog, Publication Date: 6/18/19,, Last Visited: 6/20/19


To conclude, following the specific guidelines, as mentioned by the Bluebook, enables the ability to write using law citations. The typical citation method used by both practicing professionals and students allows for the quotation of court cases, news ports, and statements made to the neighborhood authorities. Meaning, mastering this format brings the opportunity to improve your GPA with better references. Additionally it is highly good for legal practice in the future.

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