A Clockwork Orange is English-writer Anthony Burgessthe’s most famous book. The book was published in 1962, written in the dystopian genre, and made into a movie in 1971. The writing is narrated by young Alex, whose entire life is full of criminal wrongdoings. Through Anthony’s novel, the author attempts to demonstrate that human behavior is predictable and can’t be corrected externally. Nevertheless , Anthony also stresses that the person is just a person when he or she is making their own choices.

The novel is written in an exceedingly peculiar style – it really is full of invented slang, a few of which the author has adapted from the Russian language. There is also a little political twist among the book’s themes – the author couldn’t resist shaming totalitarian governments for disrespecting human rights. Overall, the written text is packed with interesting details and the book happens to be a worthy read.

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You may get a good understanding of what the novel is about out of this summary – feel absolve to use it to nail an essay or even to get a taste of if you would enjoy reading the book. But if you don't have time to finish reading all this but still need that essay, use our writing service and get your paper in no time!

Characters in “A Clockwork Orange” Novel


Alex could be the 15-year old protagonist of the story, he narrates the entire text. He is a troubled teenager and, along with his gang, does a lot of terrible things – fights, rapes, steals, and partakes in drugs. Alex has a weird taste in music that his pals don’t get: he likes classical music; it makes him feel powerful and almighty. Such a life style can’t end well for Alex: “Clockwork Orange” could be the story of how that he gets caught, is provided for jail, and undergoes experimental psychological therapy. But, his transformation isn’t genuine so his victim, and a fierce human-rights fighter, “help” him regain the rights to commit his wrongdoings.

George, Pete, and Dim

The are members of Alex’s gang whom he calls “droogs” (friends). They enjoy robbing local stores, beating up drunk people, and raping women together with Alex. But they aren’t genuinely loyal to him: George constantly takes advantageous asset of any chance to undermine Alex as a gang leader, and these leave Alex behind to be caught by law enforcement in the middle of certainly one of their crimes. Dim would later develop into a police officer himself, while George gets murdered during a robbery. Pete finally departs his crooked path, gets married, and even starts speaking proper English. Alex’s encounter with Pete invokes a want to stop his wrongdoings and commence a family.

Alex, George, Pete, and Dim


He's the leader of a rival gang, they fight a whole lot with Alex and his “droogs” before Alex would go to jail. That he and Dim become policemen while Alex is incarcerated, and then beat him up when that he gets released.

F. Alexander

F. Alexander is one of Alex’s first victims and friends mentioned in the book. When the boys break into his house, they find pages of a manuscript entitled “The Clockwork Orange” and make fun of his ideas. His wife dies after being brutally violated, which leaves F. Alexander notably frightened. Once that he finds out that Alex has been the subject of Ludovico’s rehabilitation technique, F. Alexander uses Alex to advance his beliefs against messing with people’s choices. He puts Alex through further experiments hoping the boy will commit suicide. Instead, Alex survives jumping off the 7th floor and the fall helps him regain his will to undertake any actions that he wants.

Dr. Branom and Dr. Brodsky

They will be the scientists that develop the Ludovico technique – a strategy to rehabilitate criminals by administering them drugs followed by a demonstration of violent images and movies. As a result, the subjects are supposed to feel physically ill, even at the thought of committing any wrongdoings. During the treatment, they also turn Alex’s favorite classical music on to make him more “sensitive”. Consequently, Alex experiences pain while listening to the music that he used to like even though thinking of what he used to commit on a daily basis.

The Minister of the Interior (The Inferior) and Prison Governor

The folks who approve the usage of the Ludovico technique and choose Alex to be one of the pioneer subjects to test the therapy.

Prison Chaplain

This man is among the few individuals who stand contrary to the Ludovico technique. He is convinced that people should change out of their own free wills and tries to dissuade Alex from participating. Alex doesn’t follow the chaplain’s advice.

Key Facts about Clockwork Orange

  1. The book is written in the dystopian genre – which means it portrays a bad future for society.
  2. A Clockwork Orange’s characters speak a slang language called Nadsat, it has an abundance of invented words. The writer considers his publication a “linguistic adventure”.
  3. The protagonist of the story is Alex. He is a troubled teenager who commits a lot of crimes with no remorse.
  4. Alex was forcefully repelled from committing criminal wrongdoings by Ludovico’s technique. It is depicted as an experimental clinical and psychological treatment believed to be in a position to prevent recidivism. It is allowed to be able to alter the bad behavior of the worst criminals by giving constant negative reinforcement.
  5. Ultimately, Alex regains his power to commit crimes, but soon loses curiosity about carrying out wrongdoings. He decides that creating something surpasses self-destruction.
  6. An introduction was added to the later editions of the book where the author explains his main ideas. But he also mentions that: “It's not the novelist’s job to preach; it's his duty to show” (Introduction). The author states that he tries to describe the events as neutrally as you can and leaves it to the readers to make their very own conclusions.
  7. The book is definitely an immense supply of topics and themes to publish essays about – the freedom to complete whatever one desires, the relationships involving the state and ordinary people, human free will and how it changes all through one’s life, the boundaries between freedom of action and criminal interference, humans’ ability to turn a blind eye towards things that disgust us, the role of police and penitentiary services in society, how the morality of individuals coincide (or doesn’t) with the morality of a group of people.

A Clockwork Orange Summary and Short Synopsis

The book is narrated by Alex, who welcomes the reader in to what the continuing future of modern society appears like. Alex and his young friends – Pete, George, and Dim – are experiencing their usual evening: they truly are drinking, taking drugs, and beating up older people and members of other gangs. Their language is packed with slang, they like to insert Russian words into every sentence – such as “v kaif” (to enjoy), “tolchok” (kick), “starikashka” (old man) or “maltchiki” (boys). At night time, the boys break into some man’s house and rape his wife. The man, whose name is F. Alexander, turns out to be a writer. Pages of his manuscripts about some “clockwork orange” were scattered throughout the house. Alex gets intrigued by the weird title:

Part I, Chapter 2: …I read a malenky (A little) bit out loud in a sort of high type preaching goloss (voice): – The attempt to impose upon man, a creature of growth and with the capacity of sweetness, to ooze juicily at the last across the bearded lips of God, to attempt to impose, I say, laws and conditions appropriate to a mechanical creation, against this I raise my sword-pen

The boys laugh at the writer’s some ideas and leave him on to the floor bleeding.

A day later Alex is alone, but he still manages to really have a good time. He listens to his favorite classical music – Beethoven, Bach, and Mozart. The boy mentions that his pals don’t appreciate his fine taste in music and they only tune in to hip hop. That he manages to locate two girls and makes them “submit to the strange and weird desires of Alexander the Large” (Part I, Chapter 4) while playing his favorite music. A day later Alex and his pals go to steal silver from some lady who makes enough noise to attract the police. The boys find a way to escape, but Alex gets caught. Alex mentions that his gang mates were always jealous of their leader. The police know Alex well as he'd been associated with committing crimes for a long time now:

Part I, Chapter 7: Everyone knows little Alex and his “droogs” (friends). Quite a famous young boy our Alex has become

The girl, whose silver the boys were stealing, dies from the wounds she acquired during the robbery. Also, Alex’s cellmate gets murdered. This gets him a long jail sentence, despite the fact that he is just a juvenile (15 years old). He doesn’t like it in jail and can’t wait to get out. But that he doesn’t make amends and feels no remorse. That he thinks he needs to be smarter in order to avoid getting caught next time. Alex spends a while with the prison priest. Eventually, he's chosen for an experimental treatment to improve his behavior called the “Ludovico Technique”. He is fed well, then doctors inject him with drugs and show him special movies. Alex is shown videos of various kinds of crimes, and the drugs in his body (believed to be a type of “vaccine” against future crimes) make him feel sick while watching the videos. The films have become cruel and messed up:

Part II, Chapter 4: This time around the film jumped immediately on a devotchka (a girl) who was simply being given the old in-out by first one malchick (a boy) then another then another then another, she creeching away very gromky (loud) through the speakers… if these films were made by the nice or hawaii you couldn't imagine them being permitted to take these films without like interfering with what was going on

The prison health practitioners force him to watch the videos. Some nurses even turn on his favorite classical music to boost Alex’s sensitivity and to boost the development of the right reflex. In the end, Alex says:

Part II, Chapter 4: I began to feel sick. I had like pains around and felt I could sick up and at the same time maybe not sick up, and I began to feel just like in distress, O my brothers, being fixed rigid too upon this chair

Supposedly, after a couple of weeks of the therapy, Alex started initially to feel terrible when contemplating committing crimes. He had to behave well in order to feel great. The young delinquent was then released from prison after this kind of experimental probation method. After his release, Alex became a victim: he gets beaten by his previous victims, by the police, by his ex-pals (many of whom have joined law enforcement forces). The boy couldn’t fight back because he’d feel even worse. His parents – that used to forgive him so often times – no further exhibited benevolence towards their son. The boy felt miserable, that he couldn’t even listen to his favorite music – it made him sick. 1 day Alex meets a man, F. Alexander, who tells Alex that what happened to him was the totalitarian control of the state over his human anatomy and thoughts. The state had taken away Alex’s choices and freedom to produce his own decisions. Later, it might turn out that F. Alexander was the person Alex and his pals had robbed at the beginning of the book. His wife died on that night and the husband lost his mind. At first, that he doesn’t recognize Alex, while Alex thinks that F. Alexander is crazy.

Alex on a treatment

Once F. Alexander realizes that Alex 's the reason for his sorrows, that he decides to attempt to coerce him towards committing suicide and blame the federal government for their experimental rehab therapy. Alex gets caught by the man’s friends – they all participate in a movement fighting for human rights. They lock him up and force him to hear Beethoven’s music—which puts Alex in plenty of pain. Alex then tries to escape by jumping from the 7th floor window. When he finally wakes up in a healthcare facility, he winds up being cured of his rehabilitation treatment and may begin to perform his wrongdoings again. That he starts a fresh gang and becomes a bad boy once again. In the course of time, Alex realizes that he no more enjoys this type of life. That he meets his “ex-droog”, Pete, who got married and started a family group. Alex also becomes drawn to the idea of having a house, a wife, and a baby… That’s how he realizes that his wild youth is over and he naturally grows up up.

A Clockwork Orange Themes

Fate and Free Will: An important theme of the novel is that it's pointless to attempt to change a guy against his will. A Clockwork Orange’s meaning can be an artificial mechanical interference with the natural course of events. Society doesn’t become a better place after Alex loses his capacity to commit crimes. It only reverses the victim-perpetrator relationship, and the ones who used to have problems with Alex’s atrocities start to benefit from his weakness. In fact , Alex decides to be “good” when he has the entire capacity to be “bad” – that he was responsible for his fate and decided that he no more wanted to be self-destructive. Every man must learn from their mistakes.

Morality and Ethics: The novel occurs in a society that's full of young delinquents who do drugs, steal, commit crimes, and don’t have the smallest little bit of remorse. They lead an immoral life; however , could it be ethical to force them to change their way of being? The reader of the book is torn between disgust towards the atrocities of young kids’ crimes and the moral issue of destroying somebody’s will.

Manipulation: Alex’s behavior was manipulated – he consented to be subjected to experimental treatment only because that he wanted to escape jail. Actually , he was eager to just take revenge on his enemies and get back again to living the life span he used to live. But he wasn’t able to do it once he got out. This is not the life span he had foreseen for himself and we don’t know whether or not he'd have decided to the treatment had he known its consequences.

Transformation: Alex’s transformation was fake as well as his victims knew it. When Doctor Brodsky presented his successful therapy results, the audience rightly mentioned:

Part II, Chapter 7: He's no real choice, has he? Self-interest, fear of physical pain, drove him compared to that grotesque act of self- abasement. Its insincerity was clearly to be seen. That he ceases to be always a wrongdoer. That he ceases and to be a creature capable of moral choice.

Violence. The novel is quite cruel and violent, yet it is contained in many school literature programs. That’s since there is also an excellent lesson and a lot to consider in this text. Alex’s gang is brutal towards defenseless people, and in exchange, his pals don’t spare Alex from taking revenge on him when that he becomes struggling to defend himself.

Alex and his droogs

Language and Communication. This theme demonstrates how much our words reflect our character. From the initial sentence Alex speaks, the reader can guess that that he was a disturbed daughter or son. The carelessness of his tone and his usage of slang demonstrate how much he's detached from the society we all know. Nadsat was used to stress the distinctive genre of the book and Alex’s gang as a class.

The Inherent Evil of Government. The writer wrote this dystopian novel to stress the severity that governments have the ability to meddle in to people’s personal affairs. The Minister of Interior approved the treatment for the “greater societal good” of preventing crimes. No body cared in what was most readily useful for a person and what the personal consequences would be.

Power. In his book, mcdougal demonstrates this 1 of the strongest powers is power over somebody’s will. Even F. Alexander wasn’t shy to use Alex as something to advance his personal agenda: blame the government for interfering with personal business and infringing human rights.

A Clockwork Orange Analysis and Interpretation

Title: The very first question that really needs explaining is generally: “What could be the meaning of a clockwork orange? In the introduction added to later editions of the book, the author explains himself: “I mean it to mean the application of a mechanistic morality to an income organism oozing with juice and sweetness” (Introduction). Still another possible explanation comes from the phrase “orang” – which means “a man” in a few languages. Last but most certainly not least, there is also a theory that mcdougal overheard “clockwork orange” getting used as a slang expression at a pub. This expression known somebody being “queer”.

Symbolism: The book consists of 3 parts, each part has 7 chapters. As a whole, the 21 chapters are symbolic and represent the transition of a young man becoming a grownup. Society has a tendency to believe that people become adults when they turn 16, 18, or 21 years old. Nevertheless , the book stresses that each and every person needs to go through their particular set of challenges to really develop and start making responsible choices.

Ending: The first publication of the book in the US doesn’t include its final chapter. American publishers thought that their audience wouldn’t fall for this kind of miraculous submit Alex’s behavior. A bad boy that most of the sudden decides to be good sounded too much such as a fairy tale, and so the publishers chose to omit the last chapter and let their readers come up with their particular interpretation of what would happen to Alex. After 1986, the book has been published entirely with its positive and reassuring last chapter.

Background, imagery, and allegory: The book was written at that time when the author returned to call home in England. At that time, the united states was inundated with increasing rates of juvenile crimes. Burgess’ first wife was beaten by drunk soldiers stationed within their town through the Second World War. Little nuances just like a “Home” sign at the entrance of F. Alexander’s house, or gang boys mixing drugs with milk, mean that crimes coexisted with normal everyday activity and no body could feel 100% protected.

Essay Writing Help

A Clockwork Orange is a complicated book – it features a very rich sense, but it’s positively a difficult read. Some people even call it immoral. Have you ever wondered “why is a clockwork orange barred in some countries? ” or school programs – develop the short summary of all the crimes described in the book helps you to explain it. If you don’t feel like undertaking such a challenging text, but need to write an essay about it – we can help. We have writers who concentrate on Anthony Burgess’s works and A Clockwork Orange novel in particular. Just send us your "Write My Essay" request and we'll write a great paper or analysis for the academic success!

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