How exactly to Cite a Poem: MLA and APA Formatting Quotations
Writing, and every one of its connected skills, are necessary to succeed in studying — specially humanities. One skill could be the proper utilization of quotations. To create a quotation way to place the actual words of another author in your essay — these words could be lines from a poem as well.
When to Use Poem Quotes
When is it appropriate to cite a poem? Most often, quotes from poems are used by liberal art students, literature students, and language students. It is hard to imagine writing an essay about a poet without including some bits of his works, or describing some poetry trend without providing examples. Also, you might find poem lines used in descriptive, reflective, argumentative, and compare essays.
None the less, even if you aren't a humanities student, you aren't limited to use poem citations in your works if the meaning of the line(s) you have chosen is pertinent. While you can find no rules on where you may cite a poem, there are a lot on what you should do it in various formatting styles. Continue reading for more information about how to cite a poem precisely or simply use professional help.
Citing Poem Quotes in MLA Style
Typically the most popular formatting style is MLA (Modern Language Association). Despite it possibly being easy and simple style to utilize, you will need a while to learn all the rules, and time to train to apply them.
The guidelines of citing a poem in MLA style be determined by the citation’s length. Quotes up to three lines are believed to be short, and quotes longer than three lines – long.
Citing a Short Quote
- There's no necessity to start a quick quote on a new line; you may write it just between the text.
- Though, it is obligatory to put it in quotation marks.
- If question or exclamation marks are the main poem, put them within the quotation marks.; leave them outside if they're a part of your text.
- Work with a slash to mark line breaks, or perhaps a double slash if there is a stanza break; put an area before and after the slash.
- Start each type of the poem with a capital letter (at the start and following the slash marks).
Example: In “Song of Myself”, Walt Whitman wrote, “I exist as I am, that is enough, / If no other in the world take note I sit content, / And if each and all be aware I sit content. ”
Citing a Long Quote
- In the event that you choose a long quote, some rules are only the opposite of how you would properly write a small quote — and you ought to be really careful to not mix them up.
- Start your quotation from a new line, with a half-inch indent from the left margin.
- Put it in a block quote. Include line breaks in the quote because they are in the initial.
- Keep consitently the original formatting and punctuation as part of the author’s style.
- Use double-space spacing inside the quote.
- There's no necessity for quotation marks or slashes, just skip them.
Example: Emily Dickinson wrote:
Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The carriage held but just ourselves
Citing the Title of the Poem
Whatever the length of a quote, you need to clearly indicate the poet’s last name. You should also are the title of the poem if you cite more than one poem by exactly the same author in your work. You might do it in two ways: mention it prior to the quotation in the primary text, or include it in a parenthetical citation at the end of the lines. If you mentioned the name and the title prior to the quote, but you’re uncertain if it'll be obvious for the reader, you may repeat it in a parenthetical citation — it won’t be considered as a mistake.
Aside from the poet’s last name and the title of the poem, a parenthetical citation should include a line or page number. Here are some brief rules for parenthetical citations:
- If your poem was published with line numbers in the margin, put the line number. Make use of the word “line”, or “lines”, in the very first quotation of one's work. Only use numbers in all of the following quotations from the exact same sources you’ve already quoted.
Example: “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— / I took the one less traveled by, / And that has made all the huge difference. ” (Frost, lines 18-20)
- If there are no line numbers in the margin, put the page number in parenthetical citation after the poet’s last name instead. Usually do not use a comma between the poet’s name and page number.
Example: “Your head so much focused on outer, / Mine with inner, weather. ” (Frost 126)
- In the event that you found the poem from the website, or the page numbers aren't available for other reasons, don’t put any numbers at all. Leave only the poet’s last name and poem’s title (if required as mentioned above).
Example: “Tell me, the facts you plan to accomplish / together with your one wild and precious life? ” (Mary Oliver)
- In the event that you mentioned the poet’s last name and poem’s title before the citation (if required as mentioned above), and you haven't any lines or page number, don’t make an in-text citation following the quote at all.
Example: This is what Pablo Neruda wrote about any of it feeling, “I love you as certain dark things are to be loved, / in secret, between your shadow and the soul. ”
- If you want to cite the title of the poem perhaps not in a parenthetical citation, but as part of your text, you will find two approaches to do it, and it is dependent upon the title’s length. Short poem titles should be cited in quotation marks.
Examples: “A Book”, “Fire and Ice”, or “Nothing Gold can’t Stay”
- Long poem titles should be cited in italics.
Example: Visiting Woods on a Snowy Evening, Because I could perhaps not Stop for Death.
- Don't neglect to write the full reference for every single source you employ in your Works Cited page at the conclusion of your essay. If the poem citation was obtained from a book, it should be produced in the following format: Poet’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Poem. ” Title of Book: Subtitle (if any), edited by Editor’s First Name Last Name, Edition (if given and is not first), Publisher’s Name (often shortened), Year of Publication, pp. xx-xx.
Examples: Dickinson, Emily. “A Book.” Emily Dickinson: Selected Poems, edited by Anthony Eyre, Mount Orleans Press, 2019, pp. 55-56.
- If the poem citation was taken from an internet site, it should be manufactured in the following format: Poet’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Poem. ” Title of Book: Subtitle (if any), Edition (if given and just isn't first), Publisher Name (often shortened), Year of Publication, Website Name, URL. Accessed Access Date.
Example: Frost, Robert. “Fire and Ice”. Poetry Foundation, https://poetryfoundation.org/poems/44263/fire-and-ice. Accessed 28 Nov. 2019.
How to Cite a Poem in APA Style?
APA is the abbreviation for American Psychological Association, and may be the second hottest formatting style — mainly used in social studies. Below are a few APA rules for poem citations that you need to know:
- For poem quotes up to 40 words (short quotes), using quotation marks is obligatory.
- You don’t need certainly to start a short quote from the new line.
- Line breaks simply speaking quotes must be marked with a slash.
- Block citations should really be used for quotes longer than 40 words (long quotes).
- You must start a block citation from the new line.
- Do not use quotation marks for block citations
- Block quotations must certanly be indented - 3 cm from the left margin, and in double-space formatting.
A Short Quote Example: Robert Frost, in his poem Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, wrote: “The woods are lovely, dark, and deep, / But I've promises to help keep, / And miles to go before I sleep, / And miles to go before I sleep. ”
A Long Quote Example: This is how Emily Dickinson describes this is of a book:
There is no frigate like a book
To take us lands away,
Nor any coursers like a page
Of prancing poetry.
This traverse may the poorest take
Without oppress of toll;
How frugal is the chariot
That bears a human soul! 2019.
If your quote is extracted from a book, a full mention of the source in the Works Cited page (in APA style) ought to be made based on the following template: Poet’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year). Poem title. In Editor Initial. Last Name (Ed. ), Book title (pp. xx-xx). Location: Publisher.
Example: Dickinson, E. (2019). A book. A. Eyre (Ed. ), Emily Dickinson: Selected Poems (pp.55-56). Cricklade, U.K.: Mount Orleans Press.
If your quotation was taken from a web site, the following template should be used: Poet’s Last Name, First Initial. (Year, Month Day). Poem title. Retrieved from http://WebAddress.
Example: Dickinson, E. (2019, November 28). I'm No one! Who are you? Retrieved from https://poets.org/poem/im-nobody-who-are-you-260.
Tips and Tricks on How to Cite a Poem
Here are some recommendations on how exactly to format poem quotations correctly. They will be of use whether or not you're a beginner or higher level user of poem citations, regardless of what formatting style you're using.
- Browse the whole poem to be sure you realize the meaning of the citation and author’s message precisely. Then, decide which lines can be used as a quote for your work.
- Write a few words about: why you find the lines from your own poem, their message, and what their connection has been your essay topic.
- Don't overuse quotations in work. You may also paraphrase, instead of quoting, in order to share other’s views. Moreover, it's your own work and you shouldn’t rely on others’ words the entire time.
- You don't have to cite the entire poem if you need several lines initially and a few in the long run. Omit middle lines that you don’t need (use ellipses to indicate that you will skip words), or create two quotations that connect with your text between them.
- Use embedded quotes. These are quotes that are implemented as a part of your sentence. You might put it at the beginning, in the centre, or by the end of your sentence. The idea would be to make it a natural part of your text. Example: As well as Robert Frost, initially “I hold with those that favor fire”.
- When citing a certain source (periodicals or a internet site perhaps), check always the specifics on how to cite it in MLA or another format — as there are some particularities we didn’t have time for you to cover.
- Alongside the final overview of your essay, proofread your cited quotes for both: appropriate usage, and correct formatting.