Writing a synthesis essay is amongst the most engaging tasks you could face. The objective of this type of paper, for a college or university student, is to illustrate that you can handle extensive research, take apart big concepts, and show the skeleton of the argument.

An ideal paper will require ideas from various sources, summarize them, and combine them in to a thesis statement — just one position that the synthesis essay is attempting to argue. Identifying the synthesis statement will help you combine it with other theses, helping you to write in cohesive synthesis essay format. Have you ever wondered just how to write a synthesis essay, this article from EssayPro’s professional essay writing service can help you compose a synthesis paper outline, or give you a simple structure to help you through the writing process.

What Is a Synthesis Essay

Writing a synthesis paper is like creating every other form of thesis. According to the synthesis essay definition, it is a written discussion of ideas. They tend to draw on a couple of sources from academic papers, fiction sources, speeches, interviews, articles, lectures, or observations.

Quite simply, if you have two ideas from the similar topic, you can isolate the core of what they’re attempting to say. For example, you might have a paper that examines the usage of smartphones in the modern world, and another increasing of teenagers in social media marketing. After synthesizing the information, you might come up with a combined thesis like: smartphones and social media aren't destroying a generation.

Two Types of Synthesis

  1. Explanatory Synthesis Essay

This sort helps readers get a better understanding of an interest. Instead of arguing a point, the target here is to spell out a particular topic.

Within the body, explain the subject using sources and present these sources objectively. Like in any regular writing assignment, back up each supporting claim with two or more credible sources.

  1. Argument Synthesis Essay

The aim of this type of paper is to argue a specific topic and justify it with evidence. Unlike the explanatory type, here you will do the same thing you'd do if working on an everyday argumentative paper. State your role, make supporting claims, after which provide credible evidence to back up each claim.

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How to Choose a Topic

A synthesis paper prompt should be debatable. Based on your assignment, you may have to select a primary text. Select a book that may have opposing viewpoints.

Step 1: Browse through topics and ideas. Read from sources and always check selected topics in-depth to see if any of them take your interest.

Step 2: Select a topic, then gather relevant and of use sources relating to your synthesis paper.

Step 3: Apply ideas from the sources onto your synthesis essay outline. Doing so should make writing far easier and save you time.

Tips on choosing a synthesis essay topic

It is necessary for good synthesis essay topics to be debatable as if they've been in public conversations for decades. This makes them emotionally-charged for many sides involved, and this will more than likely mean that lots of evidence for them is likely to be widely available.

Examples include:

  • Income inequality
  • Progressive taxation policy
  • Immigration policy
  • Drug legalization
  • Gun control

Bad topics will be ones where the debate is definitely over, and the scientific community has provided a target answer for them. Also, bad topics may include people with a yes or no answer. For example:

  • The Flat-Earth theory
  • The safety and effectiveness of vaccines
  • Racial supremacy
  • Does gravity exist?
  • Should we trust doctors?

Synthesis Essay Structure

Creating an outline will undoubtedly be useful for structuring your synthesis paper and planning your projects. Paste supporting evidence, sub-arguments, and specific points in the appropriate sections. Make sure that every part proves the claim of one's thesis. Any extra information is only going to make your paper worse.

If the information goes against your central claim, then you should acknowledge it, as it is likely to make your paper stronger. Ensure you check every one of the sources you’ve picked watchfully. When currently talking about the causes, don't summarize them – analyze them. Read further for a sample synthesis essay outline.

The fundamental synthesis essay outline template contains three major parts:

  1. Introduction with a thesis statement
  2. Human body, which contains arguments and counterarguments to the thesis
  3. conclusion

An outline for a synthesis essay starts with an INTRODUCTION, which is really a brief description of what the paper will be about. It will include a hook, the background and relevance of one's topic, and the thesis statement. Just how to write a synthesis statement is explained below.

Example: A write-up published by Jean Twenge clearly warns readers that the rise in the utilization of smartphones in the modern world is ruining teenagers. Furthermore, mcdougal makes a sensational declare that the rise in social networking and smartphone usage are creating a metaphorical earthquake with a magnitude never previously witnessed on earth. The author then provides items of evidence from other studies concerning the issue as well as personal observations — all of which appear to support his claim. Based on Twenge, the key hypothesis for claiming that smartphones and social media usage result in destroying a generation is that increased utilization of these two platforms results in mental depression and other mental issues. This paper will mainly refute the claims of mcdougal by emphasizing the issues raised by the job.

Synthesis writing always includes a Thesis, which will be the central argument of the entire paper. Your thesis should be the core argument of separately sourced theses.

Example of a synthesis thesis: Even though technology has had tremendous changes to society, the use of smartphones and social networking are not by any means destroying a generation, specially when looking at the causes portrayed by Twenge.

The very first paragraph must present a counterargument to your thesis. This demonstrates your power to think from an opposing point of view — which can be greatly valued in higher colleges. Be sure to observe that the counterargument isn’t strong enough to discredit your thesis.

Example: One of the most significant reasons for perhaps not supporting the content and observations by mcdougal is the undeniable fact that all of the items of evidence plumped for found by the author are biased. Twenge only uses and reviews studies that inherently support her views.

The next paragraphs should now present arguments and only the thesis. Remember to structure all paragraphs in the body utilizing the following synthesis format:

  • Supporting Argument
  • Topic Sentence
  • Evidence
  • Analysis of Evidence
Example: At exactly the same time, she ignores other studies which have been conducted to show that screen time does not have major impacts on depression along with other mental the physician that affect teenagers. In a single claim, the researcher used a study that contended that the more teens used social media like Facebook, the more they truly became depressed. But she didn't dwell on the issue of depression, the same research revealed that being depressed as a result of using Facebook didn't result in more Facebook usage (Twenge). Such findings take away the blame from Facebook, since it shows plainly that unhappiness and Facebook are not entirely correlated—as portrayed by the Twenge. More over, by maybe not using Facebook more often once they have become unhappy suggests that the usage of Facebook hasn't entirely replaced how teenagers could use social media marketing to find alternative happiness or even to come out of their depression.

A conclusion ought to be a summary of the entire paper. Then, conclude the paper with a final sentence. In other words, restate the main points and address any unanswered questions.

Example: To restore various facets that signified the previous generation, such as teen pregnancy and underage alcohol usage, as some of the indicators of how harmful they are to the present generation. Most of these issues that have affected the last generation have had an effect on the long run lives of teenagers, and by reducing them, it will be signifies an even more prosperous generation, based on moAlthough Jean Twenge has certain valid claims on the utilization of social media and teenagers, there exists a lot of bias in her article, which further reduces the credibility of her article. She chooses simply to focus on one side of the issue and completely neglects to give any attention to a few ideas that would oppose her stance, which shows that social media and smartphones might be of great use to teenagers. She also chooses to replace various bad facets that signified the previous generation, such as teen pregnancy and underage alcohol usage as some of the indicators of how harmful they are to the present generation. Every one of these issues that affected the previous generation have much impact on the long run lives of teenagers, and by reducing them, it will be signifies a much better generation, centered on moral and values

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Tips for Writing a Synthesis Essay

A vital factor in taking care of a synthesis paper is performing a proper analysis of certain text or prompt. To successfully analyze it, you have to comprehend the text’s purpose, rhetoric, and the argument the author claims. In other words, you might be answering the question: “So what? ” Then, you have to build the job, and write your work around that.

  1. Avoid titling the assignment as ‘synthesis essay’ followed or preceded by way of a relevant title.
  2. Remember to address your readers appropriately.
  3. Use precise vocabulary. Don’t be shy about using a dictionary.
  4. Work with a clear syntax. Avoid using passive voice.
  5. Proofread and correct errors: spelling, comma errors, subject-verb agreements, plurals, possessives. And avoid utilizing the word “you. ”
  6. Make sure your citations are correct.
  7. Make use of sentence and paragraph transitions.

Writing Techniques

Make use of Summarizing: Among the simplest ways of organization. It allows you to summarize the sources that contain the highest level of relevance. The problem with this is that this method doesn’t include any of your independent thoughts.

Examples: Paraphrase source material. Write segments of sources in your own words. Quoting sources can also be used under this technique. Atlanta divorce attorneys case of using examples, make sure to cite the source.

Multiple Reasons: Using multiple reasons – typically two – may be an exceptionally effective method.

Strawman: Present one argument against your thesis. Though, make sure the argument just isn't very strong. The main advantage of this method is always to teach understanding of the other side of the argument. This kind of evidence gift suggestions an introduction and description. It is followed closely by the opposing view and a decisive factor.

Concession: This method illustrates the opposing point of view. It shows the positives being much more resilient than the negatives.

Compare and Contrast: The compare and contrast method allows writers to examine two sources at the same time. Comparing shows similarities, as contrasting shows the differences. Illustrating an in-depth analysis of your plumped for topic is achievable.

Synthesis Essay Format

The synthesis paper format is dependent upon what style is required by your teacher or professor. The most common formats are: MLA, APA, and Chicago style. APA is used in fields of Education, Psychology, and Science; MLA is employed for citing Humanities; and Chicago style is used for Business, History, and Fine Arts. Purdue Owl is just a format make suggestions can use that focuses mainly on MLA and APA, and Easybib is a citation multitool you need to use for citing any of your external sources.

Synthesis essay formats

MLA format

Some key points are:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt font double-spaced
  • 1” margins
  • Top right corner includes last name and page number on every page
  • Titles are centered
  • The header will include your name, your professor’s name, course number, and the date (dd/mm/yy)
  • The last page includes a “Works Cited” page

APA format

Some key points are:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt font double-spaced 1” margins
  • Include a page header on the top of every page
  • Insert page number on the top right
  • The synthesis essay structure ought to be divided into four parts: Title Page, Abstract, Main Human body, and References.

Chicago style

Some key points are:

  • Times New Roman 12 pt.
  • Use double-spacing amongst the lines of the paper.
  • Use one-inch margins.
  • Use ½ inch indents for paragraph beginnings.
  • Write with left-justified text with a rugged edge.
  • Use full names of people or organizations.
  • The bibliography is to be on a separate page.

Synthesis Essay Rubric

High range (8-9 points)

  • Effortlessly develops a posture on the assigned topic.
  • Demonstrates full comprehension of the sources or text.
  • Precisely synthesizes sources and strengthens a position. The writer drives the argument, not the sources.
  • The writer’s argument is convincing.
  • The writer makes no general assertions and cites specific evidence for every single point. His/her evidence is developed and answers the “So what? ” question.
  • The paper is clear, well-organized, and coherent. It is a stand-alone piece in the place of an exam response.
  • Contains very few grammatical and spelling errors or flaws, if any.
Note: 8-9s are rare. A strong ‘7’ paper can jump to an 8-9 if the writing style is mature and perceptive.

Middle-Range (5-7)

  • Acceptably develops a situation on the assigned topic.
  • Demonstrates sufficient knowledge of the some ideas developed in the sources.
  • Sufficiently summarizes the sources and assumes some control of the argument. Those rated ‘5’ are less focused than a ‘6’ or a ‘7’.
  • The writer's argument is sufficient, but less developed.
  • The writer successfully synthesizes the sources and cites them.
  • The writer answers the “So what? ” question but may use generalizations or assertions of universal truth. The writer cites their own experience and specific evidence.
  • The paper is clear and well organized —‘ 5’s are less so.
  • Contains few minor errors of grammar or syntax.
Note: A ‘7’ is awarded to papers of college-level writing. A ‘5’ on one of the AP English Language and Composition essays designates a three on the AP exam. It probably relies on generalizations that have limited control of the claim and argument. ‘5’s usually lose focus and digress.

Low-Range (1-4)

  • Inadequately develops a situation on the assigned topic.
  • Mcdougal misunderstands and simplifies the ideas developed in the sources.
  • Over-summarizes the sources, lets the sources drive the argument.
  • The writer has weak get a handle on of organization and syntax. The paper contains numerous grammatical/spelling errors.
  • The writer will not cite the sources precisely, skips a citation, or cites less than the required the least the sources.
Notes: those papers ranked ‘4’ or ‘3’ do assert a quarrel but don't sufficiently develop it. A ‘2’ doesn't develop a quarrel. A ‘1’ has severe writing errors and doesn't assert a claim.

Synthesis Essay Example

Perhaps you have read the whole article and so are still struggling? Check out these great synthesis essay examples — from our professional writers. Feel free to utilize them as a reference.

Synthesis Essay Example MLA