The IEEE format has several rules that must be followed. First, the title of the paper must be written in large and bold letters. Second, the paper must begin with an abstract that briefly describes the contents of the paper. Third, each section of the paper must be given a title and subtitle to make it easier for readers to find the information they are looking for. Fourth, citations and references must be included at the end of the paper to indicate the sources of information used. Fifth, the writer must include a list of important terms at the beginning of the paper to help readers understand the technical terms used. In order to follow the IEEE format correctly, students also need to know about the correct writing style. IEEE style writing involves using certain words and certain sentence structures to effectively convey information to the reader. The use of formal language is also very important when following this format; it’s best to avoid using slang or tech jargon when writing IEEE papers.

What is IEEE Style? The IEEE style is the writing style used by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). It is one of the most commonly used styles in engineering and computer science. This style provides rules for citing sources, creating reference lists, and formatting the document as a whole. Basic IEEE Style Requirements Here are some basic requirements you should follow when using the IEEE style: • Use of a 12-point Times New Roman font. • Use of single space. • Use of 1 inch margins throughout the document. • Correct use of punctuation and hyphenation. • Use of page numbers at the bottom of each page. • Writing the title in capital letters and bold. • Include the author’s name at the top of each page. General Recommendations for Writing in the IEEE Style Here are some general recommendations for writing in the IEEE style: • Use active verbs when possible, not passive verbs. • Don’t use “I” or “we” phrases in your writing; use the author’s name only. • Do not use abbreviations without giving their meaning first. • Use short paragraphs to make your writing easier to read and understand for your readers. • Use subheadings to break information into smaller parts that are easy for your readers to process. • Ensure that all sources you use are accurately cited in their own list of references, according to the current IEEE format. Examples of Practical IEEE Citations Here are examples of citations: [1] A. Smith, “Title of Article,” Name of Magazine, vol xx, no xxx, pp xx-xx, month/year. [2] B Smith et al., “Title of the Report,” Name of Institution/Company, location, date.

What is IEEE?

The IEEE reference format consists of several parts, each of which has its own rules. The first part is the title, which must accurately describe the contents of the paper. The title should be clear and concise, but it should also grab the reader’s attention. After the title, you will find the author’s name and their affiliation. This could be a university or an organization they work for. Then, you will see an abstract which is a short summary of the paper itself. This abstract should include the research objectives, the methods used to achieve those objectives, and the results. After the abstract, you will see a list of important terms used in the paper itself. This list serves as a guide to help the reader understand the technical terms used in the paper itself. In addition, these lists are also useful for providing more information about a particular topic to readers who want to learn more about that topic. After a glossary of important terms, you’ll see the core part of the paper: the main body of the text itself. The main body of the text usually consists of several sub-sections, each of which discusses a particular topic in detail and systematically. Once the main body of the text is complete, you will see a list of references in which all other resources (including books and articles) used to obtain the information for the paper itself are properly cited and complete. It is very important that readers know where the original information came from and who the original authors were so that they can cite resources properly if they wish to continue their study of the topic in the future. After the reference list is complete, you will see other additional sections such as attachments or additional data tables if they are there. The IEEE reference format is one of the most popular standardized styles today for writing scientific papers in the fields of information technology and computer science. By learning this format properly, it will be easier for you to make professional scientific papers quickly without having to bother studying the style manual in detail!

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These requirements include: 1. A clear and descriptive title. 2. An interesting and relevant introduction to the topic of your paper. 3. The use of appropriate and accurate language, as well as the use of correct quotations. 4. A clear explanation of the topic of your paper, including the definition, background, and main objectives of your paper. 5. Use of valid resources to support your argument in your paper. 6. A clear and continuous conclusion with the contents of your previous paper. 7. Complete and accurate bibliography for all resources used in your paper.

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IEEE’s goal is to improve the quality of human life through technological innovation. It focuses on technical standards, publications, conferences and educational activities related to the field of electrical and electronic engineering.

The IEEE style manual includes rules for organizing, formatting, and citing sources used in academic work. These rules also cover how to use the correct punctuation, words, and sentence structure. The IEEE style manual also contains instructions on how to make a proper bibliography and references. This guide includes how to use APA or MLA formats for bibliography and references. The IEEE style manual also contains information on how to properly construct tables, graphs, and figures. These instructions include how to choose the right font size for each visual element and how to provide appropriate headings for each visual element.

1. Standards: IEEE Standards are technical standards published by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). This standard covers a wide range of technology areas, including wireless communications, computer networks, control systems and more. This standard ensures that the products and services made by the company operate in the same way throughout the world. 2. Publications: IEEE also publishes scientific and technical publications to support technology research and development. These publications include journals, books, and annual reports that provide the latest information on various technology topics. This publication also provides a platform for experts to share their knowledge and experience with others in the industry.

  • In-Text Quotations (Direct & Indirect)
  • References (works cited in MLA format. )

In-text citations are used to confirm information provided by the author, provide an accurate source of information and help the reader to locate the original source. In-text citations can also be used to give credibility to the arguments or opinions conveyed by the author.

Why is citing important for your academic performance?

However, citing sources is important to ensure that your paper is based on accurate and reliable information. To make the quote process easier, there are several ways you can do it. First, be sure to keep track of all the sources you use during your research. This includes books, journal articles, websites, and other documents. If you use an online source, be sure to save the link to the original page. Second, when starting to write your paper, be sure to keep track of any quotes or ideas taken from other sources. This will help you easily place the quote in the right place when you are ready to finalize it. Third, use tools such as digital libraries or search engines to help you get accurate and reliable information about the topic of your paper. Finally, don’t hesitate to consult with a teacher or academic tutor if you’re unsure about how to properly cite sources.

1. Citing external sources helps students avoid accusations of plagiarism. By citing the correct sources, students can show that they have done proper research and obtained information from legitimate sources. 2. Citing external sources also helps students to provide evidence for their arguments. By citing other sources, students can provide strong reasons for their opinions and strengthen their arguments with valid data. 3. Lastly, citing external sources also helps students to build confidence in their writing. By using accurate and reliable references, professors are more likely to believe the work is genuine and based on sound research.

2. Provide more complete information. Information from external sources can also help you provide more complete information about the topic you are writing about. These can be facts, statistics, or other opinions from experts in the field. Using this information, you can provide a more comprehensive picture of the topic and make it easier for readers to understand the issues you are discussing. 3. Strengthen your argument You can also use external information to strengthen your own argument. By citing other data or opinions, you can show that there is strong evidence to support what you claim and make it more convincing to readers.

This is a feeling that must be respected. The IEEE also states that plagiarism can happen intentionally or unintentionally. Authors may not be aware that they have committed plagiarism, but it is still a violation of ethics and law. Because of this, it’s important to ensure that you always cite original sources when using someone else’s ideas.

It also shows that you have done enough research to find relevant information.

By using citations, you can help other researchers to find relevant sources easily and also help them to conduct further research. This will make the research process more efficient and effective.

Proper formatting can help students get higher grades, as well as make their papers easier to read and understand.

Basic Page Format

1. Title: The title must describe the contents of the article clearly and briefly. 2. Author’s Name: The author’s name must be included along with relevant contact information. 3. Abstract: An abstract is a brief summary of the article containing the main objectives, methods, results and conclusions. 4. Keywords: Keywords are some of the words used to help others find this article through an online search. 5. Introduction: Introduction contains the background of the problem, research objectives, and a general description of the topics discussed in this article. 6. Literature Review: Literature review is the part where you mention the sources you have used to get information about your topic and make your argument stronger. 7. Methods: This section contains a detailed description of the methods or procedures used to achieve your research objectives. 8. Results and Discussion: This section contains the results of your research as well as a discussion of those results and how they meet the original objectives of your research. 9. Conclusion: This section contains a brief summary of what you have discovered in the course of your research and how it has influenced a particular field of knowledge or the real world in general. 10 Bibliography: A bibliography is a complete list of all the resources you have used during your research process, including books, journals, websites, electronic documents, and others.

  1. Title page (including article title, byline, membership and first footnote)
  2. Abstract – must be one paragraph long (preferably between 150 and 250 words)
  3. index term
  4. Nomenclature (optional)
  5. introduction
  6. Article Body
  7. Conclusion
  8. Attachment (ES)
  9. Confession
  10. Reference
  11. Photos and biographies

1. Structure: An IEEE style paper should have a clear and organized structure, including title, abstract, introduction, background, methods or techniques, results and discussion, conclusions and references. 2. Use of Language: The use of language should be clear and easy to understand. Don’t use jargon or technical terms that the general reader will not be familiar with. 3. References: All information used in the paper must be supported by valid and accurate references. References must be mentioned at the end of the paper using the IEEE format. 4. Presentation of Data: Data should be presented in a clear and understandable manner using tables, graphs or pictures to help readers understand the information better. 5. Word Writing: Use the right word writing according to the IEEE writing standards to avoid grammatical errors or wrong spelling.

  • Paper title. – Placed on the first page, centered on the top, and 24pt font size.
  • Bylines. – placed under the title of the paper after a line break, centered, font size 10pt. The byline should include the following information (each point needs to be on a separate line):
  • Writer’s name
  • Author Affiliation
  • Location City & Country
  • Email address).
  • main body – All written in 10pt font size, the text will appear in two columns on the page. Columns on the last page must be the same length, which means authors may need to add column breaks.
  • Papers should begin with an abstract and an index term.
  • Depending on the subject and context, a paper may include additional sections such as:
  • Thank-you note
  • Attachment
  • Notes for practitioners
  • Nomenclature
  • The main body of the paper can be divided into relevant sections and subsections. Each section and paragraph must have a heading formatted according to the rules specified later in this guide.
  • All tables, equations, and figures must be numbered sequentially and column-centered.
  • IEEE papers should start with a two line close cap, followed by the next 8-12 characters or 1-2 words (depending on which is more appropriate) in all caps.

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We will assist you by providing consulting, research and assistance in writing your dissertation. We will also ensure that your dissertation is IEEE compliant and meets all the requirements specified by your university. We will also provide advice on how best to structure your dissertation in a way that is easy for readers to understand and follow.


Part of a paper

  • Title
    The IEEE format recommends paper authors use four hierarchical levels for text section headings:

Postal type is a type of freight forwarding service provided by postal companies. The types of postal services include letters, packages, documents, and others. This service can be used to ship goods worldwide or only in certain areas. The types of postal services available vary depending on the country and postal company in question. Some examples of types of postal services include: Express Post, Express Post, Economy Post, International Post, and others.

The recommended format for storing data is CSV (Comma Separated Values) format. This format allows users to store and share data easily. This format can also be used by many spreadsheet applications, such as Microsoft Excel, Google Sheets, and others. In addition, this format can also be accessed by many databases and data processing applications.

I want to be a successful entrepreneur. To achieve this goal, I will do a number of things. First, I’ll learn about successful businesses and strategies. I will also be looking for a business mentor who can give me advice and guidance. In addition, I will also create a detailed and realistic business plan to help me achieve these goals. I will also invest in areas where there is potential for profit. Lastly, I will continue to learn and adapt to market changes in order to remain competitive in this industry.

{ ///

/// Required designer variable. /// private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null; /// /// Clean up any resources being used. /// /// true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false. protected override void Dispose(bool disposing) { if (disposing & (components != null)) { components.Dispose(); } base. Dispose(disposing); } #region Windows Form Designer generated code /// /// Required method for Designer support – do not modify /// the contents of this method with the code editor. /// private void InitializeComponent() { this. menuStrip1 = new System. Windows. Forms. MenuStrip(); this.fileToolStripMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem();

must be the same. I. Centered is a writing technique that places each word in the center of the line. II. This makes the writing look neat and easy to read. III. Centered can also be used to emphasize certain words or phrases.

This introduction will discuss the basics of object-oriented programming (OOP). OOP is a programming paradigm that uses the concepts of abstraction, polymorphism, inheritance and composition to build programs. It will also explain how OOP can be used to create more efficient and maintainable programs. Finally, it will provide examples of how OOP is implemented in certain programming languages.

Secondary er en måleenhet for tid. Det er et secondary, some er den minste delen av tiden som kan måles. Et secondary er definert som 1/86 400 av et døgn, eller det samme som 9 192 631 770 period av stråling fra cesium-133 atomkjerner. Secondary brukes ofte i klocker og andre tidsmålere, og de brukes også til å beregne lengden på andre tidsperioder, for eksempel minutter, timer og dager.


to solve the problem are as follows: 1. Problem Identification: Identify the problem that must be solved and determine the goals to be achieved. 2. Problem Analysis: In-depth problem analysis to ensure that all relevant factors have been considered. 3. Hypothesis Generation: Generate a hypothesis about potential solutions to a predetermined problem. 4. Hypothesis Testing: Test the hypothesis using available data and information, as well as other analytical methods, to verify the truth of the hypothesis. 5. Drawing Conclusions: Draw conclusions based on the results of hypothesis testing and make recommendations for the best solutions for the problems that have been determined.

Tertiary is the third level of classification levels. This means that after primary and secondary, tertiary is the next level. Tertiary refers to a more specific and focused process of analyzing information. This process usually involves combining primary and secondary information to make a more accurate decision or conclusion. For example, tertiary data analysis might involve combining primary data on the number of people who attend events with secondary data on the number of people expected to attend to come up with a conclusion about the percentage of participation.

, is 12pt. 1) (Arabic numerals) It runs into the text in its part, capital and small letters, italicized, and followed by a colon. All set to 10pt. Font size, like all body text in the main body, is 12pt.

technology that allows users to control electronic equipment remotely. This technology is usually used to control heating systems, air conditioners, lights, and more. This allows the user to adjust the room temperature, turn lights on or off, and do many other things without having to be there. Some examples of sophisticated local controls include smart home control systems, wireless network control systems, and remote control systems.

java §§ 1000 +public class Quaternary { + public static void main(String[] args) { + int a = 5; + int b = 10; + intc = 15; + int d = 20; + int result = (a > b) ? ((c > d) ? a : d) : ((b > c) ? b : c); + System.out.println(“Result is: ” + result); // Result is: 15 + } +}

tertiary content. For example, “A-B-C” would become “ABC”.

support effective communication in an organization. This policy includes rules and procedures to ensure that information is sent and received in a timely, accurate, secure and consistent with organizational goals. This policy also includes guidelines on how communications should be conducted between staff, managers, customers and business partners.

1. Introduction 2. Background 3. Literature Review 4. Research Methods 5. Results and Analysis 6. Conclusions and recommendations

Forgiveness: “We admit we made a mistake and ask for forgiveness.” Reference: “We encourage you to read [book title] by [author] for more information on this topic.” Confession Title: “Admit Faults and Ask For Forgiveness.”

“Recognition: Using Technology to Improve Education Quality”

  • First footnote.
    The first footnote in an article is unnumbered (although all following footnotes must be numbered sequentially) and must consist of three paragraphs:
  • The first section should specify the accepted and revised (optional) date of the paper. When there is more than one revised date, create them all.
  • Subsequent paragraphs consist of the author’s affiliations. If there are two or more authors with varying affiliations, use separate sentences and paragraphs for each author, specifying all initials with last name. Authors with the same affiliation should be grouped; You must list your affiliations in the order of the authors in the byline.
  • The last paragraph of the first footnote should specify the digital object identifier (DOI) number, which is assigned by the IEEE.
Example: Manuscripts Received April 27, 2018; Revised 18 September 2018; accepted 25 July 2018. Publication date 15 August 2013; The current version date is 9 September 2018. This work was supported by a grant from the Romanian national authority for scientific research, CNC Uefiscdi, under Project PN-II-ID-BXE-4016-3-0566. (Corresponding author: John Smith.)
The authors with the National Institute for laser, plasma and radiation physics, plasma physics and nuclear fusion laboratory, 077125 BUCHAREST-MAGURELE, Romania (E-mail: [email protected] ; mnistorinfim; .ro).
Color versions of one or more of the numbers available online at (Note: Only used with printed publications).
Digital object identifier 10.1109/jdt.2013.2278036

Financial support should be described in detail, including the amount provided, the source of the funds, and how the money will be used. If there are certain restrictions or conditions for obtaining financial support, those should also be stated.

Example: This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant 90210 and Grant ECS-12345.

Paper body

  • Abstract
    The IEEE format requires authors to include an abstract in each paper. The abstract must follow the title page of the document and appear in the text in bold. It must be concise and must not include numbered references or mathematical equations.
  • index term
    Authors must also provide index terms in their IEEE papers. Index terms must also appear in bold, in alphabetical order, and located in the abstract as its last paragraph. You should only define acronyms in this section if they are already defined in the paper itself.
    Authors can request a keyword list by sending a blank email to keywords [at]
  • Text equation.
    When placing equations in the main body of the paper, one should number them in an unimportant order from the start of the work to the end. In some transactions, it is permitted to use its own numbering system, for example, numbering by parts, e.g., (1.1), (1.2.1), (A1).
  • Confession
    The acknowledgment section should always follow the end of the text, after the appendix (ES) and before the references section. It must be written in the third person.

For example: J. Smith, Prof., and D. Jones, Dr.

Don’t include information about financial support in the acknowledgment section. This information should be included in the first paragraph of the first footnote, which details the source of the funds and the amount funded.

  • Reference
    In an IEEE paper, all references must be numbered and there must be a separate entry for each number. It is not allowed to use the same reference number from a group of IEEE citations.
  • Quote text numbers and tables
    The IEEE citation format for numbers and tables requires the following numeric sequence. Numerical quotations located on paper must always be labeled with the abbreviation “FIG.” followed by the relevant numbers. Authors of papers must use this abbreviation even if it has to be placed at the beginning of a sentence.
  • Biography
    IEEE transactions require including an author biography. As a rule, a biography should be divided into three paragraphs:
  1. First paragraph – should begin with the author’s full name and history of his IEEE membership. It can also contain date and/or place of birth (if the author provides them). After this, it is very important to determine the author’s educational background. Indicate the major area of ​​study in lowercase, always include the word “degree” after the title of a particular degree, and specify the years the degree was earned. To determine the degree, you can use the following abbreviations:, Diplom-Physiker, Dr. Ing., Dr. Phil., Dr. Eng., B.S., S.B., B.B., B.Sc. (Hons.), B.S.E., B.E.E., M.S., M.S. (TECH.), M.S.E.E., M.S.E., CICATINGENIR, LIC.ES LETT.
  2. Second paragraph – should contain information about the author’s work and military experience (if any); All job titles must be capitalized. When mentioning their current job, one must specify the location, but this is not mandatory for past experience. Follow a list of experience with the author’s affiliation with non-IEEE journals, and current and past areas of interest.
Notes: You shouldn’t repeat the author’s name in this paragraph; Use “he” or “she” instead.
  1. Third paragraph – should begin with the author’s title and surname (eg, Dr. Mitchell, Mr. Black, Prof. Smith, etc.). Then it should list information about the author’s membership in professional societies (except IEEE), as well as their status as a professional engineer (if so). The paragraph should end with a list of the author’s awards, publications, and work for the IEEE committee. If an author biography isn’t available, you’ll need to use a squib for that.
Example: Frank J. Author. (s’xx-m’xx), photo dA biography was not available at the time of publication.

Other Text

  • footnote
    Footnotes are additional information, explanations, or comments related to the main text located at the bottom of the page. All footnotes in an IEEE format paper must be numbered and followed in successive order in the body of the paper. Numbers, both in the text and in the actual footnotes, should be marked with superscripts. In the body of a paper, superscript footnote numbers must always be placed after punctuation marks, such as brackets, commas, and periods. However, if the sentence is a compound sentence, the number must be placed before the punctuation marks, such as semicolons, dashes, colons, and quotation marks. The actual footnote should be placed at the bottom of the page where the information cited is located.
  • List in text
    All listings in an IEEE style paper must be formatted according to the following labeling order: 1), 2), 3) followed by a), b), c), and then i), iii).
Example: According to the IEEE Computer Society, the most important areas of Computer Science are: 1) Algorithms and data structures; 2) Calculation theory; 3) Elements and computer architecture; and 4) methodology and programming language.

How to cite references

Every reference must be written according to the IEEE format. This includes the author’s name, year of publication, book or article title, and other relevant information. Each reference must be given in alphabetical order by author’s name. If there is more than one reference by the same author, they must be sorted by year of publication.

1. Author’s Name: Author’s name must be written with first name and last name, without punctuation. 2. Title: The title must be written in bold and a maximum of 12 words. 3. Journal or Conference: The name of the journal or conference should be written in bold and followed by the year of publication, volume, page number and date of publication (if any). 4. DOI (Digital Object Identifier): DOI is a unique address that uniquely identifies a digital resource. 5. URL (Uniform Resource Locator): URL is a web address that identifies the location of a resource on the Internet.

  • The number that corresponds to the in-text citation
  • Author’s surname and initials
  • Full job title
  • Place of publication
  • Publication date
  • Some smaller details like page number, issue, or volume (if available)

1. K. Smith, “The Theory of Relativity,” Physics Journal, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 34-45, Jan. 1990. 2. J. Doe, “Quantum Mechanics,” Science Magazine, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 56-67, Feb. 2000. 3. A. Anderson and B. Brown, “The Nature of Light,” Nature Magazine, vol. 5, no 4., pp 78-90 Mar 2005

Digital document

1. Smith, J. (2020, Apr. 15). A guidebook for starting your own business. (2nd ed.). [E-books]. Vol. 1, No. 3. Available: [Accessed April 20, 2020].

Example: [6] S. Quieter. (1999, June 1). Engineering and Art. (2nd ed.). [On line]. 27(3). Available: http://website URL [21 May 2003].

“IEEE – The world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity.” Available:, Updated: 8 April 2021, [Accessed: 10 April 2021].

Example: [7] “Social networks reach almost one in four worldwide.” Available: http://website URL, 25 Jan 2014. [Accessed: Jun.23, 2014].

U.S., Smith, “Understanding Basic Concepts of Economics,” Journal of Economics, 2020. Available: [Accessed: July 10, 2020].

Example: [8] R. Robertson. “Leadership at the bottom of the earth… where no one hears you scream,”, Sir Walter Murdoch, 2010. [Podcast]. Available: http://website url. [Accessed: 5 August 2010].

Print references

Author Single Author. Single Writer: How to Become a Successful Writer. Location: Publishing Company, 2020, pp. 1-25.

Example: [1] W. -k. Chen. Linear networks and systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, p. 123-135.

Examples: Smith, John, Jane Doe, and Bob Jones. Happiness in Life. New York: Penguin Books, 2020, pp. 1-50.

Example: [2] U. J. Gelina, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz. Business processes and information technology. Cincinnati: Western Learning/Thomson, 2004, p. 98-100.

Sorry, I can’t provide accurate information without the title of the book.

Example: [3] The Oxford Dictionary of Computing, 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, pp.13-23.

Author, A. (2020). “Basic concepts of technology-based learning”. Journal of Educational Technology, vol. 8, pp. 1-7, 15 May 2020.

Example: [4] G. Pevere. “Infrared Nation.” International Journal of Infrared Design, Vol. 33, p. 56-99, January 1979.

Author, “Article Title”. Newspaper Title, PP, Date.

Example: [5] N. PERPITCH, “Green Groups Battle to Overturn Gas Plan,” Australia, p. 2, 7 September 2010.

Source 1: Title: “When Needs Come Before Wants” Author: John Doe Year Published: 2020 Media: Magazine Magazine Name: The Economist

Need help with you IEEE paper?

The IEEE format is one of the most commonly used formats for writing scientific papers. It was developed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and has strict rules about how a paper should be written, presented and organized. This format also includes the use of certain bibliographical styles to cite other sources. To get started, you should make sure that you have read the IEEE style guide in its entirety. This guide will provide you with information on how to write the title, abstract, and body of your paper. It’s also important to make sure that you follow all the punctuation and spelling rules recommended by the IEEE. After you’ve gone through the IEEE style guide, it’s time to start writing your own paper. First of all, make sure that you have properly structured your paper – including main chapters and subchapters – before starting to write the text yourself. After that, make sure that each chapter contains information that is relevant to the topic being discussed. Don’t forget to check it carefully before moving on to the next chapter! When you’re ready to start citing other sources in your paper, make sure that you research how to conform to the IEEE format. This includes using parentheses and quotation marks in the proper places and using the correct date format. It’s also important to make sure that all the references mentioned at the end of the paper are IEEE format compliant too – this will really help when the editor looks at the final manuscript!